Laeta Acilia by Anatole France
Translated by Mrs. Anna Eichberg
TO ARY RENAN
Laeta Acilia lived in Marseilles during the reign of the Emperor
Tiberius. She had been married for several years to a Roman noble named
Helvius, but she had no children, though she longed passionately to
become a mother. One day as she went to the temple to pray to the gods
she found the entrance crowded by a band of men, half naked, emaciated
and devoured by leprosy and ulcers. She paused in terror on the lowest
step of the temple. Laeta Acilia was not without compassion. She pitied
the poor creatures, but she was afraid of them. Nor had she ever seen
beggars as wild looking as those who at this moment crowded before her,
livid, lifeless, their empty wallets flung at their feet. She grew pale
and held her hand to her heart; she could neither advance nor escape,
and she felt her limbs giving way under her when a woman of striking
beauty detached herself from these unfortunates and came towards
"Fear nothing, young woman," and the unknown spoke in a voice both
grave and tender, "the men you see here are not cruel. They are the
bearers not of falsehood and evil, but of truth and love. We have come
from Judaea, where the Son of God has died and risen again. When He
ascended to the right hand of His Father those who believed in Him
suffered cruel wrongs. Stephen was stoned by the people. As for us, the
priests placed us on board a ship without sails or rudder, and we were
delivered over to the waters of the sea to the end that we should
perish. But the God who loved us in His mortal life mercifully led us
to the harbour of this town. Alas! the people of Marseilles are
avaricious, idolatrous and cruel. They permit the disciples of Jesus to
die of hunger and cold. And had we not taken refuge in this temple,
which they deem sacred, they would already have dragged us to their
gloomy prisons. And yet it would have been well had they welcomed us,
since we bring good tidings."
Having thus spoken the stranger held out her hand towards her
companions and pointed to each in turn.
"That old man, lady," she said, "who turns on you his serene gaze,
that is Cedon, he whom, though blind from birth, the Master healed.
Cedon sees with equal clearness things both visible and invisible. That
other old man, whose beard is as white as the snow on the mountains, is
Maximin. This man, still so young, and who yet seems so weary, is my
brother. He was possessed of great wealth in Jerusalem. Near him stand
Martha my sister and Mantilla, the faithful servant who in happier days
gathered olives on the hillsides of Bethany."
"And you," asked Laeta Acilia, "you whose voice is so soft and whose
face is so beautiful, what is your name?"
The Jewess replied:
"I am called Mary Magdalen. I divined by the gold embroidery on your
raiment, and the unconscious pride of your bearing, that you are the
wife of one of the principal citizens of this town. For this reason I
have approached you, to the end that you may move the heart of your
husband on behalf of the disciples of Jesus Christ. Say to this rich
man: 'Lord, they are naked, let us clothe them; they are anhungered and
thirsty let us give them bread and wine, and God will restore to us in
His Kingdom what was borrowed from us in His name.'"
Laeta Acilia replied:
"Mary, I will do as you ask. My husband is named Helvius; he is of
noble rank and one of the richest citizens of the town; never for long
does he refuse what I desire, for he loves me. Your companions have now
ceased, O Mary, to fill me with fear. I shall even dare to pass close
to them, though their limbs are polluted by ulcers, and I shall go to
the temple to pray to the immortal gods to grant my wish. Alas!
hitherto they have refused."
Mary, with outstretched arm, barred her way.
"Beware, lady," she cried, "of worshipping vain idols. Do not demand
of images of stone words of hope and life. There is only one God, and
with my hair I have wiped His feet."
At these words the flashing of her eyes, dark as the sky in a storm,
mingled with tears, and Laeta Acilia said to herself:
"I am pious, and I faithfully perform the ceremonies religion
demands, but in this woman there is a strange feeling of a love
Mary Magdalen continued in ecstasy: "He was the God of Heaven and
earth, and He uttered His parables seated on the bench by the
threshold, under the shade of the old fig-tree. He was young and
beautiful. He would have been glad to be loved. When he came to supper
in my sister's house I sat at His feet, and the words flowed from His
lips like the waters of a torrent. And when my sister complained of my
sloth, saying: 'Master, tell her it is but right that she should aid me
to prepare the supper,' He smiled and made excuse for me, and permitted
me to remain seated at His feet, and said that I had chosen the good
"One would have thought to see Him that He was but a young shepherd
from the mountains, and yet His eyes flashed flames like those that
issued from the brow of Moses. His gentleness was like the peace of
night and His anger was more terrible than a thunderbolt. He loved the
humble and the little ones. Along the roadside the children ran towards
Him and clung to His garments. He was the God of Abraham and Jacob, and
with the same hands that had created the sun and the stars, He caressed
the cheeks of the newly born whom their happy mothers held out to Him
from the thresholds of their cottages. He was himself as simple as a
child, and He raised the dead to life. Here among my companions you see
my brother whom He raised from the dead. Behold, lady! Lazarus bears on
his face the pallor of death, and in his eyes is the horror of one who
has seen hell."
But for some moments past Laeta Acilia had ceased to listen.
She raised towards the Jewess her candid eyes and her small, smooth
"Mary," she said, "I am a pious woman, attached to the faith of my
fathers. Unbelief is evil for our sex. And it does not beseem the wife
of a Roman noble to accept new fashions in religions. And yet I must
confess that there are some charming gods in the East. Your God, Mary,
seems one of these. You have told me that He loves little children, and
that He kisses them as they lie in the arms of their young mothers. By
that I see that He is a God who is favourable to women, and I regret
that He is not held in esteem among the aristocracy and the official
classes, or I would gladly bring him offerings of honey-cakes. But,
listen, Mary the Jewess, appeal to Him, you whom He loves, and demand
of Him for me that which I dare not demand myself, and which my
goddesses have refused."
Laeta Acilia uttered these words with hesitation. She paused and
"What is it," Mary Magdalen asked eagerly, "and what desire, lady,
has your unsatisfied soul?"
Gaining courage little by little, Laeta Acilia replied:
"Mary, you are a woman, and though I know you not, I yet may confide
to you a woman's secret. During the six years that I have been married
I have not had a child, and that is a great sorrow to me; I need a
child to love; the love in my heart for the little creature I am
waiting, and who yet may never come, is stifling me. If your God, Mary
Magdalen, grants me through your intercession what my goddesses have
denied me, I shall say that He is a good God, and I will love Him and I
will make my friends love Him. And like us they are young and rich, and
they belong to the first families of the town."
Mary Magdalen replied gravely:
"Daughter of the Romans, when you shall have received that for which
you ask, may you remember this promise that you have made to the
servant of Jesus."
"I shall remember," she replied. "In the meantime take this purse,
Mary, and divide the money it contains among your companions. Farewell,
I shall return to my house. As soon as I arrive I will send baskets
full of bread and meat for you and your friends. Tell your brother and
your sister and your friends that they may without fear leave the
sanctuary where they have taken refuge and go to some inn on the
outskirts of the town. Helvius, who has great influence in the town,
will prevent any one molesting them. May the gods protect you, Mary
Magdalen! When it shall please you to see me again ask of the
passers-by for the house of Laeta Acilia; any of the citizens will be
able to show you the way without trouble."
It was six months later that Laeta Acilia, lying on a purple couch
in the courtyard of her house, crooned a little song that had no sense
and which her mother had sung before her. The water sang gaily in the
fountain out of whose shallow basin rose young Tritons in marble, and
the balmy air gently stirred the murmuring leaves of the old
plane-tree. Tired, languid, happy, heavy as a bee leaving the orchard,
the young woman crossed her arms over her rounded body, and, having
ceased her song, glanced about her and sighed in the fulness of
At her feet her black, white and yellow slaves were busy with
needle, shuttle and spindle, vying with each other as they worked at
the garments for the expected infant. Laeta stretched out her hand and
took a little cap which an old slave laughingly offered her. She placed
it on her closed hand and laughed in turn. It was a little cap of
purple and gold, silver and pearls, and splendid as the dreams of a
poor African slave.
At that moment a stranger entered this interior court. She was
clothed in a seamless garment of one piece, in colour like the dust of
the roads. Her long hair was covered with ashes, but her face, worn by
tears, still shone with glory and beauty.
The slaves, mistaking her for a beggar, were about to drive her away
when Laeta Acilia, recognising her at the first glance, rose and ran
"Mary, Mary," she cried, "it is true that you were the favourite of
a god. He whom you loved on earth as heard you in Heaven, and through
your intercession He has granted my prayer. See," she added, and she
showed her the little cap which she still held in her hand, "how happy
I am and how grateful to you."
"I knew it," replied Mary Magdalen, "and I have come, Laeta Acilia,
to instruct you in the truth of Jesus Christ."
Thereupon the Marseillaise dismissed her slaves, and offered the
Jewess an ivory armchair with cushions embroidered in gold. But Mary
Magdalen, pushing it back with disgust, seated herself on the ground
with feet crossed in the shade of the great plane-tree stirred by the
"Daughter of the Gentiles," she said, "you have not despised the
disciples of the Lord. For this reason I will teach you to know Jesus
as I know Him, to the end that you shall love Him as I love Him. I was
a sinner when I saw for the first time the most beautiful of the sons
Thereupon she told how she had thrown herself at the feet of Jesus
in the house of Simon the Leper, and how she had poured over the
Master's adored feet all the ointment of spikenard contained in the
alabaster vase. She repeated the words the gentle Master had uttered in
reply to the murmurs of His rough disciples.
"Why do you reprove this woman?" He had said. "That which she has
done is well done. For the poor ye have always with you, but Me ye have
not always. She has with forethought anointed My body for My burial. I
tell you in truth that in the whole world, wherever the Gospel is
preached, shall be told what she has done, and she shall be
She then described how Jesus had cast out the seven devils that had
raged within her.
"Since then, enraptured and consumed by all the joys of faith and
love, I have lived in the shadow of the Master as in a new Eden."
She told her of the lilies of the fields upon which they had gazed
together, and of that infinite happiness, the happiness born of faith
alone. Then she described how He had been betrayed and put to death for
the salvation of His people. She recalled the ineffable scenes of the
passion, the burial and the resurrection.
"It was I," she cried, "it was I who of all was the first to see
Him. I found two angels clad in white seated, one at the head, the
other at the feet, where we had laid the body of Jesus. And they said
to me: 'Woman, why weepest thou?' 'I weep because they have taken away
my Lord, and I know not where they have laid Him.'
"O joy! Jesus came towards me, and at first I thought He was the
gardener. But he called me 'Mary' and I recognised His voice. I cried
'Master' and held out my arms, but He replied gently, 'Touch me not,
for I am not yet ascended to my Father.'"
As she listened to this narrative Laeta Acilia lost little by little
her sense of joy and contentment. Recalling the past and examining her
own life, it seemed to her very monotonous in comparison to the life of
the woman who had loved a god. Young and pious and a patrician, her own
red-letter days were those on which she had eaten cakes with her girl
friends. Visits to the circus, the love of Helvius and her needle-work
also counted in her life. But what were these all in comparison to the
scenes with which Mary Magdalen kindled her senses and her soul? She
felt her heart stifling with bitter jealousy and vague regrets.
She envied this Jewess, whose radiant beauty still glowed under the
ashes of penitence, her divine adventures, and even her sorrows.
"Begone, Jewess!" she cried, forcing back her tears with her hands.
"Begone! But a moment since I was so contented, I believed myself so
happy. I did not know that there were other joys than those which were
mine. I knew of no other love than that of my good Helvius, and I knew
of no other holy joy than to celebrate the mysteries of the goddesses
in the manner of my mother and of my grandmother. O, now I understand!
Wicked woman, you wished to make me discontented with the life I have
led. But you have not succeeded! Why have you come to tell me of your
love for a visible God? Why do you boast before me of having seen the
resurrection of the Master since I shall not see Him? You even hoped to
spoil the joy that is mine in bearing a child. It was wicked! I refuse
to know your God. You have loved Him too much! To please Him one is
obliged to fall prostate and dishevelled at His feet. That is not an
attitude which beseems the wife of a noble! Helvius would be annoyed
did I worship in such a way. I will have nothing to do with a religion
that disarranges one's hair! No indeed, I will not allow the little
child I bear in my bosom to know your Christ! Should this poor little
creature be a daughter she shall learn to love the little goddesses of
baked clay that are not larger than my finger, and with these she can
play without fear. These are the proper divinities for mothers and
children. You are very audacious to boast of your love affairs and to
ask me to share them. How could your God be mine? I have not led the
life of a sinner, I have not been possessed of seven devils, nor have I
frequented the highways. I am a respectable woman. Begone!"
And Mary Magdalen, perceiving that proselytising was not her
vocation, retired to a wild cavern since called the Holy Grotto. The
sacred historians believe unanimously that Laeta Acilia was not
converted to the faith of Christ until many years after this interview
which I have faithfully recorded.
A NOTE ON A POINT OF EXEGESIS
I have been reproached for having in this story confused Mary of
Bethany, sister of Martha, and Mary Magdalen. I must confess at once
that the Gospel seems to make of Mary who poured the perfume of
spikenard over the feet of Jesus and of Mary to whom the Master said:
"Noli me tangere," two women absolutely distinct. Upon this
point I am willing to make amends to those who have done me the honour
to blame me.
Among the number is a princess who belongs to the Orthodox Greek
Church. This does not in the least surprise me. The Greeks have always
distinguished between the two Marys. It was not the same in the Western
Church. On the contrary, the identify of the sister of Martha and
Magdalen the sinner was early acknowledged.
The texts lend themselves but ill to this interpretation, but texts
never present difficulties to any one but the pundits; the poetry of
the people is more subtle than science: it can never be held in check,
and it overcomes the obstacles which prove a stumbling-block to
criticism. By a happy turn of the imagination popular fancy has welded
the two Marys together and thus created the marvellous type of Mary
Magdalen. It has been made sacred by legend, and it is the legend which
has inspired my little story. In this I consider myself above reproach.
Nor is that all! I am able, even, to invoke the authority of the
learned, and I may, without vanity, say that the Sorbonne is on my
side. The Sorbonne declared on December 1, 1521, that there is but one