The Daughter of
Lilith by Anatole France
Translated by Mrs. Anna Eichberg
TO JEAN PSICHARI
I had left Paris late in the evening, and I spent a long, silent and
snowy night in the corner of the railway carriage. I waited six mortal
hours at X----, and the next afternoon I found nothing better than a
farm-waggon to take me to Artigues. The plain whose furrows rose and
fell by turns on either side of the road, and which I had seen long ago
lying radiant in the sunshine, was now covered with a heavy veil of
snow over which straggled the black stems of the vines. My driver
gently urged on his old horse, and we proceeded through an infinite
silence broken only at intervals by the plaintive cry of a bird, sad
even unto death. I murmured this prayer in my heart: "My God, God of
Mercy, save me from despair and after so many transgressions, let me
not commit the one sin Thou dost not forgive." Then I saw the sun, red
and rayless, blood-hued, descending on the horizon, as it were, the
sacred Host, and remembering the divine Sacrifice of Calvary, I felt
hope enter into my soul. For some time longer the wheels crunched the
snow. At last the driver pointed with the end of his whip to the spire
of Artigues as it rose like a shadow against the dull red haze.
"I say," said the man, "are you going to stop at the presbytery? You
know the curé?"
"I have known him ever since I was a child. He was my master when I
was a student."
"Is he learned in books?"
"My friend, M. Safrac, is as learned as he is good."
"So they say. But they also say other things."
"What do they say, my friend?"
"They say what they please, and I let them talk."
"What more do they say?"
"Well, there are those who say he is a sorcerer, and that he can
"For my part I keep a still tongue! But if M. Safrac is not a
sorcerer and fortune-teller, why does he spend his time reading
The waggon stopped in front of the presbytery.
I left the idiot, and followed the curé's servant, who
conducted me to her master in a room where the table was already laid.
I found M. Safrac greatly changed in the three years since I had last
seen him. His tall figure was bent. He was excessively emaciated. Two
piercing eyes glowed in his thin face. His nose, which seemed to have
grown longer, descended over his shrunken lips. I fell into his
"My father, my father," I cried, sobbing, "I have come to you
because I have sinned. My father, my dear old master, whose profound
and mysterious knowledge overawed my mind, and who yet reassured it
with a revelation of maternal tenderness, save your child from the
brink of a precipice. O my only friend, save me; enlighten me, you my
He embraced me, and smiled on me with that exquisite kindness of
which he had given so many proofs during my childhood, and then he
stepped back, as if to see me better.
"Well, adieu!" he said, greeting me according to the custom of his
country, for M. Safrac was born on the banks of the Garonne, in the
home of those famous wines which seemed the symbol of his own generous
and fragrant soul.
After having taught philosophy with great distinction in Bordeaux,
Poitiers and Paris, he asked as his only reward the gift of a poor cure
in the country where he had been born and where he wished to die. He
had now been priest at Artigues for six years, and in this obscure
village he practised the most humble piety and the most enlightened
"Well, adieu! my child," he repeated. "You wrote me a letter to
announce your coming which has moved me deeply. It is true, then, that
you have not forgotten your old master?"
I tried to throw myself at his feet.
"Save me! save me!" I stammered.
But he stopped me with a gesture at once imperious and gentle.
"You shall tell me to-morrow, Ary, what you have to tell. First,
warm yourself. Then we will have supper, for you must be very hungry
and very thirsty."
The servant placed on the table the soup-tureen out of which rose a
fragrant column of steam. She was an old woman, her hair hidden under a
black kerchief, and in her wrinkled face were strongly mingled the
beauty of race and the ugliness of decay. I was in profound distress,
and yet the peace of this saintly dwelling, the gaiety of the wood
fire, the white table-cloth, the wine and the steaming dishes entered,
little by little, into my soul. Whilst I ate I nearly forgot that I had
come to the fireside of this priest to exchange the sereness of remorse
for the fertilising dew of repentance. Monsieur Safrac reminded me of
the hours, already long since past, which we had spent together in the
college when he had taught philosophy.
"You, Ary," he said to me, "were my best pupil. Your quick
intelligence was always in advance of the thought of the teacher. For
that reason I at once became attached to you. I like a Christian to be
daring. Faith should not be timid when unbelief shows an indomitable
audacity. The Church nowadays has lambs only; and it needs lions. Who
will give us back those learned fathers and doctors whose erudition
embraced all sciences? Truth is like the sun; it requires the eye of an
eagle to contemplate it."
"Ah, M. Safrac, you brought to bear on all questions that daring
vision which nothing dazzles. I remember that your opinions sometimes
even startled those of your colleagues whom the holiness of your life
filled with admiration. You did not fear new ideas. Thus, for instance,
you were inclined to admit the plurality of inhabited worlds."
His eyes kindled.
"What will the cowards say when they read my book? I have meditated,
and I have worked under this beautiful sky, in this land which God has
created with a special love. You know that I have some knowledge of
Hebrew, Arabic, Persian, and certain of the Indian dialects. You also
know that I have brought here a library rich in ancient manuscripts. I
have plunged profoundly into the knowledge of the tongues and
traditions of the primitive East. This great work, by the help of God,
will not have been in vain. I have nearly finished my book on
'Origins,' which re-establishes and upholds that Biblical exegesis of
which an imperious science already foresaw the imminent overthrow. God
in His mercy has at last permitted science and faith to be reconciled.
To effect this reconciliation I have started with the following
"The Bible, inspired by the Holy Ghost, tells only the truth, but it
does not tell all the truth. And how could it, seeing that its only
object is to inform us of what is needful for our eternal salvation?
Apart from this great purpose it has no other. Its design is as simple
as it is infinite. It includes the fall and the redemption; it is the
sacred history of man; it is complete and restricted. Nothing has been
admitted to satisfy profane curiosity. A godless science must not be
permitted to triumph any longer over the silence of God. It is time to
say, 'No, the Bible has not lied, because it has not revealed all.'
That is the truth which I proclaim. By the help of geology, prehistoric
archæology, the Oriental cosmogonies, Hittite and Sumerian
monuments, Chaldean and Babylonian traditions preserved in the Talmud,
I assert the existence of the pre-Adamites, of whom the inspired writer
of Genesis does not speak, for the only reason that their existence did
not bear upon the eternal salvation of the children of Adam.
Furthermore, a minute study of the first chapters of Genesis has proved
to me the existence of two successive creations separated by untold
ages, of which the second is only, so to speak, the adaptation of a
corner of the earth to the needs of Adam and his posterity."
He paused, then he continued in a low voice and with a solemnity
"I, Martial Safrac, unworthy priest, doctor of theology, submissive
as an obedient child to the authority of our Holy Mother the Church, I
assert with absolute certainty--yielding all due submission to our holy
father the Pole and the Councils--that Adam, who was created in the
image of God, had two wives, of whom Eve was the second."
These singular words drew me little by little out of myself and
filled me with a curious interest. I therefore felt something of
disappointment when M. Safrac, planting his elbows on the table, said
"Enough on that subject. Some day, perhaps, you will read my book,
which will enlighten you on this point. I was obliged, in obedience to
strict duty, to submit the work to Monseigneur, and to beg his Grace's
approval. The manuscript is at present in the archbishop's hands, and
any minute I may expect a reply which I have every reason to believe
will be favourable. My dear child, try those mushrooms out of our own
woods, and this native wine of ours, and acknowledge that this is the
second promised land, of which the first was only the image and the
From this time on our conversation, grown more familiar, ranged over
our common recollections.
"Yes, my child," said M. Safrac, "you were my favourite pupil, and
God permits preferences if they are founded on impartial judgment. So I
decided at once that there was in you the making of a man and a
Christian. Not that great imperfections were not in evidence. You were
irresolute, uncertain, and easily disconcerted. Passions, so far
latent, smouldered in your soul. I loved you because of your great
restlessness, as I did another of my pupils for quite opposite
qualities. I loved Paul d'Ervy for his unswerving steadfastness of mind
At this name I blushed and turned pale and with difficulty
suppressed a cry, and when I tried to answer I found it impossible to
speak. M. Safrac appeared not to notice my distress.
"If I remember aright, he was your best friend," he added. "You have
remained intimate ever since, have you not? I know he has started on a
diplomatic career, and a great future is predicted for him. I hope that
in happier times than the present he may be entrusted with office at
the Holy See. In him you have a faithful and devoted friend."
"My father," I replied, with a great effort, "to-morrow I will speak
to you of Paul d'Ervy and of another person."
M. Safrac pressed my hand. We separated, and I went to the room
which had been prepared for me. In my bed, fragrant with lavender, I
dreamed that I was once again a child, and that as I knelt in the
college chapel I was admiring the blonde and ecstatic women with which
the gallery was filled, when suddenly out of a cloud over my head I
seemed to hear a voice say:
"Ary, you believe that you love them in God, but it is God you love
The next morning when I woke I found M. Safrac standing at the side
of my bed.
"Come, Ary, and hear the Mass which I am about to celebrate for your
intention. After the Holy Sacrifice I shall be ready to listen to what
you have to say."
The Church of Artigues was a little sanctuary in the Norman style
which still flourished in Aquitaine in the twelfth century. Restored
some twenty years ago, it had received the addition of a bell-tower
which had not been contemplated in the original plan. At any rate,
poverty had safeguarded its pure bareness. I tried to join in the
prayers of the celebrant as much as my thoughts would permit, and then
I returned with him to the presbytery. Here we breakfasted on a little
bread and milk, after which we went to M. Safrac's room.
He drew a chair to the fireplace, over which hung a crucifix, and
invited me to be seated, and seating himself beside me he signed to me
to speak. Outside the snow fell. I began as follows:
"My father, it is ten years ago since I left your care and entered
the world. I have preserved my faith, but, alas, not my purity. But it
is unnecessary to remind you of my life; you know it, you my spiritual
guide, the only keeper of my conscience. Moreover, I am in haste to
arrive at the event which has convulsed my being. Last year my family
had decided that I must marry, and I myself had willingly consented.
The young girl destined for me united all the advantages of which
parents are usually in search. More than that, she was pretty; she
pleased me to such a degree that instead of a marriage of convenience I
was about to make a marriage of affection. My offer was accepted, and
we were betrothed. The happiness and peace of my life seemed assured
when I received a letter from Paul d'Ervy who had returned from
Constantinople and announced his arrival in Paris. He expressed a great
desire to see me. I hurried to him and announced my marriage. He
congratulated me heartily.
"'My dear old boy,' he said, 'I rejoice in your happiness.'
"I told him that I counted on him to be my witness and he willingly
consented. The date of my wedding was fixed for May 15, and he was not
obliged to return to his post until the beginning of June.
"'How lucky that is,' I said to him. 'And you?'
"'Oh, I,' he replied, with a smile which expressed in turn joy and
sorrow, 'I--what a change! I am mad--a woman--Ary. I am either very
fortunate or very unfortunate! What name can one give to a happiness
gained by an evil action? I have betrayed, I have broken the heart of a
good friend...I carried off--yonder--in Constantinople----"
M. Safrac interrupted me:
"My son, leave out of your narrative the faults of others and name
I promised to obey, and continued as follows:
"Paul had hardly ceased speaking when a woman entered the room.
Evidently it was she; dressed in a long blue peignoir, she
seemed to be at home. I will describe to you in one word the terrible
impression she produced on me: she did not seem natural. I
realise how vague is this expression and how inadequately it explains
my meaning. But perhaps it will become more intelligible in the course
of my story. But, indeed, in the expression of her golden eyes, that
seemed at times to throw out sparks of light, in the curve of her
enigmatical mouth, in the substance of her skin, at once brown and yet
luminous, in the play of the angular and yet harmonious lines of her
body, in the ethereal lightness of her footsteps, even in her bare
arms, to which invisible wings seemed attached, and, finally, in her
ardent and magnetic personality, I felt an indescribable something
foreign to the nature of humanity; an indescribable something inferior
and yet superior to the woman God has created in his formidable
goodness, so that she should be our companion in this earthly exile.
From the moment I saw her one feeling alone overmastered my soul and
pervaded it; I felt a profound revulsion from everything that was not
"Seeing her enter, Paul frowned slightly, but changing his mind, he
made an effort to smile.
"'Leila, I wish to present to you my best friend.'
"'I know M. Ary.'
"These words could not but seem strange as we had certainly never
seen each other before; but the voice with which they were uttered was
"If crystal could utter thought, so it would speak.
"'My friend Ary,' continued Paul, 'is to be married in six
"At these words Leila looked at me and I saw distinctly that her
golden eyes said 'No!'
"I went away greatly disturbed, nor did my friend show the slightest
desire to detain me. All that day I wandered aimlessly through the
streets, my heart empty and desolate; then, towards night, finding
myself in front of a florist's shop, I remembered my
fiancée, and went in to get her a spray of white lilac. I
had hardly taken hold of the flowers when a little hand tore them out
of my grasp, and I saw Leila, who turned away laughing. She wore a
short grey dress and a jacket of the same colour and a small round hat.
I must confess that this costume of a Parisian dressed for walking was
most unbecoming to her fairy-like beauty and seemed a kind of disguise.
And yet, seeing her so, I felt that I loved her with an undying love. I
tried to rejoin her, but I lost her among the crowd and the
"From this time on I seemed to cease to live. I called several times
at Paul's without seeing Leila again. He always received me in a
friendly manner, but he never spoke of her. We had nothing to say to
each other, and I was sad when we parted. At last, one day, the footman
said that his master was out. He added 'Perhaps you would like to see
Madame?' I replied 'Yes.' O, my father, what tears of blood can ever
atone for this little word! I entered. I found her in the drawing-room,
half reclining on a couch, in a dress as yellow as gold, under which
she had drawn her little feet. I saw her--but, no, I saw nothing. My
throat was suddenly parched, I could not utter a word. A fragrance of
myrrh and aromatic perfumes which emanated from her seemed to
intoxicate me with languor and longing, as if at once all the odours of
the mystic East had penetrated my quivering nostrils. No, this was
certainly not a natural woman, for nothing human seemed to emanate from
her. Her face expressed no emotion, either good or bad, beyond a
voluptuousness at once sensual and divine. She doubtless noticed my
suffering, for she asked with a voice as clear as the ripple of a
"'What ails you?'
"I threw myself in tears at her feet and cried, 'I love you
"She opened her arms; then enfolding me with a lingering glance of
her candid and voluptuous eyes:
"'Why have you not told me this before?'
"Indescribable moment! I held Leila in my arms. It seemed as if we
two together had been transported to Heaven and filled all its spaces.
I felt myself become the equal of God, and my breast seemed to enfold
all the beauty of earth and the harmonies of nature--the stars and the
flowers, the forests that sing, the rivers and the deep sea. I had
enfolded the infinite in a kiss..."
At these words Monsieur Safrac, who had listened to me for some
moments with growing impatience rose, and standing before the
fireplace, lifted his cassock to his knees to warm his legs and said
with a severity which came near being disdain:
"You are a wretched blasphemer, and instead of despising your
crimes, you only confess them because of your pride and delight in
them. I will listen no more."
At these words I burst into tears and begged his forgiveness.
Recognising that my humility was sincere, he desired me to continue my
confession on condition that I realised my own self-abasement.
I continued my story as follows, determined to make it as brief as
"My father, I was torn by remorse when I left Leila. But, from the
following day on, she came to me, and then began a life which tortured
me with joy and anguish. I was jealous of Paul, whom I had betrayed,
and I suffered cruelly.
"I do not believe that there is a more debasing evil than jealousy,
nor one which fills the soul with more degrading thoughts. Even to
console me Leila scorned to lie. Besides, her conduct was
incomprehensible. I do not forget to whom I am speaking, and I shall be
careful not to offend the ears of the most revered of priests. I can
only say that Leila seemed ignorant of the love she permitted. But she
had enveloped my whole being in the poison of sensuality. I could not
exist without her, and I trembled at the thought of losing her.
"Leila seemed absolutely devoid of what we call moral sense. You
must not, however, think that she was either wicked or cruel. On the
contrary, she was gentle and compassionate. Nor was she without
intelligence, but her intelligence was not of the same nature as ours.
She said little, and she refused to reply to any questions that were
asked her about her past. She was ignorant of all that we know. On the
other hand, she knew many things of which we are ignorant.
"Educated in the East, she was familiar with all sorts of Hindoo and
Persian legends, which she would repeat with a certain monotonous
cadence and with an infinite grace. Listening to her as she described
the charming dawn of the world, one would have said she had lived in
the youth of creation. This I once said to her.
"'It is true, I am old,'" she answered, smiling.
M. Safrac, still standing in front of the fireplace, had for some
time bent towards me in an attitude of keen attention.
"Continue," he said.
"Often, my father, I questioned Leila about her religion. She
replied that she had none, and that she had no need of one; that her
mother and sisters were the daughters of God, but that they were not
bound to Him by any creed. She wore a medallion about her neck filled
with a little red earth which she said she had piously gathered because
of her love for her mother."
Hardly had I uttered these words when M. Safrac, pale and trembling,
sprang forward, and, seizing my arm, shouted:
"She told the truth! I know now. I know who this creature was, Ary!
Your instinct did not deceive you. It was not a woman. Continue,
continue, I implore."
"My father, I have nearly finished. Alas, for Leila's love, I had
broken my solemn plighted troth, I had betrayed my best friend. I had
affronted God. Paul, having heard of Leila's faithlessness, became mad
with grief. He threatened her with death, but she replied gently:
"'Kill me, my friend; I long to die, but I cannot.'
"For six months she gave herself to me; then one morning she said
that she was about to return to Persia, and that she would never see me
again. I wept, I moaned, I raved: 'You have never loved me!'
"'No, my friend,' she replied gently. 'And yet how many women who
have loved you no better have denied you what you received from me! You
still owe me some gratitude. Farewell.'
"For two days I was plunged in alternate fury and apathy. Then
remembering the salvation of my soul, I hurried to you, my father. Here
I am. Purify me, uplift me, strengthen my heart, for I love her
I ceased. M. Safrac, his hand raised to his forehead, remained lost
in thought. He was the first to break the silence.
"My son, this confirms my great discovery. What you tell me will
confound the vainglory of our modern sceptics. Listen to me. We live
to-day in the midst of miracles as did the first-born of men. Listen,
listen! Adam, as I have already told you, had a first wife whom the
Bible does not make mention of, but of whom the Talmud speaks. Her name
was Lilith. Created, not out of one of his ribs, but from this same red
earth out of which he himself had been kneaded, she was not flesh of
his flesh. She voluntarily separated from him. He was still living in
innocence when she left him to go to those regions where long years
afterwards the Persians settled, but which at this time were inhabited
by the pre-Adamites, more intelligent and more beautiful than the sons
of men. She therefore had no part in the transgression of our first
father, and was unsullied by that original sin. Because of this she
also escaped from the curse pronounced against Eve and her descendants.
She is exempt from sorrow and death; having no soul to be saved, she is
incapable of virtue or vice. Whatever she does, she accomplishes
neither good nor evil. The daughters that were born to her of some
mysterious wedlock are immortal as she is, and free as she is both in
their deeds and thoughts, seeing that they can neither gain nor lose in
the sight of God. Now, my son, I recognise by indisputable signs that
the creature who caused your downfall, this Leila, was a daughter of
Lilith. Compose yourself to prayer. To-morrow I will hear you in
He remained silent for a moment, then drawing a paper out of his
pocket, he continued:
"Late last night, after having wished you good night, the postman,
who had been delayed by the snow, brought me a very distressing letter.
The senior vicaire informs me that my book has been a source of grief
to Monseigneur, and has already overshadowed the spiritual joy with
which he looked forward to the festival of our Lady of Mount Carmel.
The work, he adds, is full of foolhardy doctrines and opinions which
have already been condemned by the authorities. His Grace could not
approve of such unwholesome lucubrations. This, then, is what they
write to me. But I will relate your story to Monseigneur. It will prove
to him that Lilith exists and that I do not dream."
I implored Monsieur Safrac to listen to me a moment more.
"When she went away, my father, Leila left me a leaf of cypress on
which certain characters which I cannot decipher had been traced with
the point of a style. It seems to be a kind of amulet."
Monsieur Safrac took the light film which I held out to him and
examined it carefully.
"This," he said, "is written in Persian of the best period and can
be easily translated thus:
"The Prayer of Leila, Daughter of Lilith
"My God, promise me death, so that I may taste of life. My God,
give me remorse, so that I may at last find happiness. My God,
make me the equal of the daughters of Eve."