The Devilish Rat by Edward Page Mitchell
You know that when a man lives in a deserted castle on the top of a
great mountain by the side of the river Rhine, he is liable to
misrepresentation. Half the good people of the village of
Schwinkenschwank, including the burgomaster and the burgomaster's
nephew, believed that I was a fugitive from American justice. The other
half were just as firmly convinced that I was crazy, and this theory
had the support of the notary's profound knowledge of human character
and acute logic. The two parties to the interesting controversy were so
equally matched that they spent all their time in confronting each
other's arguments, and I was left pretty much to myself.
As everybody with the slightest pretension to cosmopolitan knowledge
is already aware, the old Schloss Schwinkenschwank is haunted by the
ghosts of twenty-nine medieval barons and baronesses. The behavior of
these ancient spectres was very considerate. They annoyed me, on the
whole, far less than the rats, which swarmed in great numbers in every
part of the castle. When I first took possession of my quarters, I was
obliged to keep a lantern burning all night, and continually to beat
about me with a wooden club in order to escape the fate of Bishop
Hatto. Afterward I sent to Frankfort and had made for me a wire cage in
which I was able to sleep with comfort and safety as soon as I became
accustomed to the sharp gritting of the rats' teeth as they gnawed the
iron in their impotent attempts to get in and eat me.
Barring the spectres and the rats, and now and then a transient bat
or owl, I was the first tenant of the Schloss Schwinkenschwank for
three or four centuries. After leaving Bonn, where I had greatly
profited by the learned and ingenious lectures of the famous Calcarius,
Herr Professor of Metaphysical Science in that admirable university, I
had selected this ruin as the best possible place for the trial of a
certain experiment in psychology. The hereditary landgraf Von Toplitz,
who owned Schloss Schwinkenschwank, showed no signs of surprise when I
went to him and offered six thalers a month for the privilege of
lodging in his ramshackle castle. The clerk of a Broadway hotel could
not have taken my application more coolly or my money in a more
"It will be necessary to pay the first month's rent in advance,"
"That I am fortunately prepared to do, my well-born hereditary
landgraf," I replied, counting out six dollars. He pocketed them and
gave me a receipt for the same. I wonder whether he ever tried to
collect rent from his ghosts.
The most inhabitable room in the castle was that in the northwest
tower, but it was already occupied by the Lady Adelaide Maria, eldest
daughter of the Baron von Schotten, and starved to death in the
thirteenth century by her affectionate papa for refusing to wed a
one-legged freebooter from over the river. As I could not think of
intruding upon a lady, I took up my quarters at the head of the south
turret stairway, where there was nobody in possession except a
sentimental monk, who was out a good deal nights and gave me no trouble
at any time.
In such calm seclusion as I enjoyed in the Schloss it is possible to
reduce physical and mental activity to the lowest degree consistent
with life. St. Pedro of Alcantara, who passed forty years in a convent
cell, schooled himself to sleep only an hour and a half a day, and to
take food but once in three days. While diminishing the functions of
his body to such an extent he must also, I firmly believe, have reduced
his soul almost to the negative character of an unconscious infant's.
It is exercise, thought, friction, activity, that bring out the
individuality of a man's nature. Professor Calcarius' pregnant words
remained burned into my memory:
"What is the mysterious link that binds soul to the living body? Why
am I Calcarius, or rather why does the soul called Calcarius inhabit
this particular organism? [Here the learned professor slapped his
enormous thigh with his pudgy hand.] Might not I as well be another,
and might not another be I? Loosen the individualized ego from the
fleshy surroundings to which it coheres by force of habit and by reason
of long contact, and who shall say that it may not be expelled by an
act of volition, leaving the living body receptive, to be occupied by
some non-individualized ego, worthier and better than the old?"
This profound suggestion made a lasting impression upon my mind.
While perfectly satisfied with my body, which is sound, healthy, and
reasonably beautiful, I had long been discontented with my soul, and
constant contemplation of its weakness, its grossness, its inadequacy,
had intensified discontentment to disgust. Could I, indeed, escape
myself, could I tear this paste diamond from its fine casket and
replace it with a genuine jewel, what sacrifices would I not consent
to, and how fervently would I bless Calcarius and the hour that took me
It was to try this untried experiment that I shut myself up in the
Excepting little Hans, the innkeeper's son, who climbed the mountain
three times a week from the village to bring me bread and cheese and
white wine, and afterward Hans's sister, my only visitor during the
period of my retirement was Professor Calcarius. He came over from Bonn
twice to cheer and encourage me.
On the occasion of his first visit night fell while we were still
talking of Pythagoras and metempsychosis. The profound metaphysicist
was a corpulent man and very short-sighted.
"I can never get down the hill alive," he cried, wringing his hands
anxiously. "I should stumble, and, Gott in Himmel, precipitate myself
peradventure upon some jagged rock."
"You must stay all night, Professor," said I, "and sleep with me in
my wire cage. I should like you to meet my roommate, the monk."
"Subjective entirely, my dear young friend," he said. "Your
apparition is a creature of the optic nerve and I shall contemplate it
without alarm, as becomes a philosopher."
I put my herr professor to bed in the wire cage and with extreme
difficulty crowded myself in by his side. At his especial request I
left the lantern burning. "Not that I have any apprehension of your
subjective spectres," he explained. "Mere figments of the brain they
are. But in the dark I might roll over and crush you."
"How progresses the self-suppression," he asked at length, "the
subordination of the individual soul? Eh! What was that?"
"A rat, trying to get in at us," I replied. "Be calm: you are in no
peril. My experiment proceeds satisfactorily. I have quite eliminated
all interest in the outside world. Love, gratitude, friendship, care
for my own welfare and the welfare of my friends have nearly
disappeared. Soon, I hope, memory will also fade away, and with my
memory my individual past."
"You are doing splendidly!" he exclaimed with enthusiasm, "and
rendering to psychologic science an inestimable service. Soon your
psychic nature will be a blank, a vacuum, ready to receive--God
preserve me! What was that?"
"Only the screech of an owl," said I, reassuringly, as the great
gray bird with which I had become familiar fluttered noisily down
through an aperture in the roof and lit upon the top of our wire
Calcarius regarded the owl with interest, and the owl blinked
gravely at Calcarius.
"Who knows," said the herr professor, "but what that owl is animated
by the soul of some great dead philosopher? Perhaps Pythagoras, perhaps
Plotinus, perhaps the spirit of Socrates himself abides temporarily
beneath those feathers."
I confessed that some such idea had already occurred to me.
"And in that case," continued the professor, "you have only to
negative your own nature, to nullify your own individuality, in order
to receive into your body this great soul, which, as my intuitions tell
me, is that of Socrates, and is hovering around your physical
organization, hoping to effect an entrance. Persist, my worthy young
student, in your most laudable experiment, and metaphysical
science--Merciful heaven! Is that the Devil?"
It was the huge gray rat, my nightly visitor. This hideous creature
had grown in his life, perhaps of a century, to the size of a small
terrier. His whiskers were perfectly white and very thick. His immense
tushes had become so long that they curved over till the points almost
impaled his skull. His eyes were big and blood red. The corners of his
upper lip were so shriveled and drawn up that his countenance wore an
expression of diabolical malignity, rarely seen except in some human
faces. He was too old and knowing to gnaw at the wires; but he sat
outside on his haunches, and gazed in at us with an indescribable look
of hatred. My companion shivered. After a while the rat turned away,
rattled his callous tail across the wire netting, and disappeared in
the darkness. Professor Calcarius breathed a deep sigh of relief, and
soon was snoring so profoundly that neither owls, rats, nor spectres
ventured near us till morning.
I had so far succeeded in merging my intellectual and moral
qualities in the routine of mere animal existence that when it was time
for Calcarius to come again, as he had promised, I felt little interest
in his approaching visit. Hansel, who constituted my commissariat, had
been taken sick of the measles, and I was dependent for my food and
wine upon the coming of his pretty sister Emma, a flaxen-haired maiden
of eighteen, who climbed the steep path with the grace and agility of a
gazelle. She was an artless little thing, and told me of her own accord
the story of her simple love. Fritz was a soldier in the Emperor
Wilhelm's army. He was now in garrison at Cologne. They hoped that he
would soon get a lieutenancy, for he was brave and faithful, and then
he would come home and marry her. She had saved up her dairy money till
it amounted to quite a little purse, which she had sent him that it
might help purchase his commission. Had I ever seen Fritz? No? He was
handsome and good, and she loved him more than she could tell.
I listened to this prattle with the same amount of romantic interest
that a proposition in Euclid would excite and congratulated myself that
my old soul had so nearly disappeared. Every night the gray owl perched
above me. I knew that Socrates was waiting to take possession of my
body, and I yearned to open my bosom and receive that grand soul. Every
night the detestable rat came and peered through the wires. His cool,
contemptuous malice exasperated me strangely. I longed to reach out
from beneath my cage and seize and throttle him, but I was afraid of
the venom of his bite.
My own soul had by this time nearly wasted away, so to speak,
through disciplined disuse. The owl looked down lovingly at me with his
great placid eyes. A noble spirit seemed to shine through them and to
say, "I will come when you are ready." And I would look back into their
lustrous depths and exclaim with infinite yearning, "Come soon, oh
Socrates, for I am almost ready!" Then I would turn and meet the
devilish gaze of the monstrous rat, whose sneering malevolence dragged
me back to earth and to earth's hatreds.
My detestation of the abominable beast was the sole lingering trace
of the old nature. When he was not by, my soul seemed to hover around
and above my body, ready to take wing and leave it free forever. At his
appearance, an unconquerable disgust and loathing undid in a second all
that had been accomplished, and I was still myself. To succeed in my
experiment I felt that the hateful creature whose presence barred out
the grand old philosopher's soul must be dispatched at any cost of
sacrifice or danger.
"I will kill you, you loathsome animal!" I shouted to the rat; "and
then to my emancipated body will come the soul of Socrates which awaits
The rat turned on me his leering eyes and grinned more sardonically
than ever. His scorn was more than I could bear. I threw up the side of
the wire cage and clutched desperately at my enemy. I caught him by the
tail. I drew him close to me. I crunched the bones of his slimy legs,
felt blindly for his head, and when I got both hands to his neck,
fastened upon his life with a terrible grip. With all the strength at
my command, and with all the recklessness of a desperate purpose, I
tore and twisted the flesh of my loathsome victim. He gasped, uttered a
horrible cry of wild pain, and at last lay limp and quiet in my clutch.
Hate was satisfied, my last passion was at an end, and I was free to
When I awoke from a long and dreamless sleep, the events of the
night before and, indeed, of my whole previous life were as the dimly
remembered incidents in a story read years ago.
The owl was gone but the mangled carcass of the rat lay by my side.
Even in death his face wore its horrible grin. It now looked like a
Satanic smile of triumph.
I arose and shook off my drowsiness. A new life seemed to tingle in
my veins. I was no longer indifferent and negative. I took a lively
interest in my surroundings and wanted to be out in the world among
men, to plunge into affairs and exult in action.
Pretty Emma came up the bill bringing her basket. "I am going to
leave you," said I. "I shall seek better quarters than the Schloss
"And shall you go to Cologne," she eagerly asked, "to the garrison
where the Emperor's soldiers are?"
"Perhaps so--on my way to the world."
"And will you go for me to Fritz?" she continued, blushing. "I have
good news to send him. His uncle, the mean old notary, died last night.
Fritz now has a small fortune and he must come home to me at once."
"The notary," said I slowly, "died last night?"
"Yes, sir; and they say he is black in the face this morning. But it
is good news for Fritz and me."
"Perhaps--" continued I, still more slowly "--perhaps Fritz would
not believe me. I am a stranger, and men who know the world, like your
young soldier, are given to suspicion."
"Carry this ring," she quickly replied, taking from her finger a
worthless trinket. "Fritz gave it to me and he will know by it that I
My next visitor was the learned Calcarius. He was quite out of
breath when he reached the apartment I was preparing to leave.
"How goes our metempsychosis, my worthy pupil?" he asked. "I arrived
last evening from Bonn, but rather than spend another night with your
horrible rodents, I submitted my purse to the extortion of the village
innkeeper. The rogue swindled me," he continued, taking out his purse
and counting over a small treasure of silver. "He charged me forty
groschen for a bed and breakfast."
The sight of the silver, and the sweet clink of the pieces as they
came in contact in Professor Calcarius' palm, thrilled my new soul with
an emotion it had not yet experienced. Silver seemed the brightest
thing in the world to me at that moment, and the acquisition of silver,
by whatever means, the noblest exercise of human energy. With a sudden
impulse that I was unable to resist, I sprang upon my friend and
instructor and wrenched the purse from his hands. He uttered a cry of
surprise and dismay.
"Cry away!" I shouted; "it will do no good. Your miserly screams
will be heard only by rats and owls and ghosts. The money is mine."
"What's this?" he exclaimed. "You rob your guest, your friend, your
guide and mentor in the sublime walks of metaphysical science? What
perfidy has taken possession of your soul?"
I seized the herr professor by the legs and threw him violently to
the floor. He struggled as the gray rat had struggled. I tore pieces of
wire from my cage, and bound him hand and foot so tightly that the wire
cut deep into his fat flesh.
"Ho! Ho!" said I, standing over him; "what a feast for the rats your
corpulent carcass will make," and I turned to go.
"Good Gott!" he cried. "You do not intend to leave me: No one ever
"All the better," I replied, gritting my teeth and shaking my fist
in his face; "the rats will have uninterrupted opportunity to relieve
you of your superfluous flesh. Oh, they are very hungry, I assure you,
Herr Metaphysician, and they will speedily help you to sever the
mysterious link that binds soul to living body. They well know how to
loosen the individualized ego from the fleshly surroundings. I
congratulate you on the prospect of a rare experiment."
The cries of Professor Calcarius grew fainter and fainter as I made
my way down the hill. Once out of hearing I stopped to count my gains.
Over and over again, with extraordinary joy, I told the thalers in his
purse, and always with the same result. There were just thirty pieces
My way into the world of barter and profit led me through Cologne.
At the barracks I sought out Fritz Schneider of Schwinkenschwank.
"My friend," said I, putting my hand upon his shoulder, "I am going
to do you the greatest service which one man may do another. You love
little Emma, the innkeeper's daughter?"
"I do indeed," he said. "You bring news of her?"
"I have just now torn myself away from her too ardent embrace."
"It is a lie!" he shouted. "The little girl is as true as gold."
"She is as false as the metal in this trinket," said I with
composure, tossing him Emma's ring. "She gave it to me yesterday when
He looked at the ring and then put both hands to his forehead. "It
is true," he groaned. "Our betrothal ring!" I watched his anguish with
"See here," he continued, taking a neatly knitten purse from his
bosom. "Here is the money she sent to help me buy promotion. Perhaps
that belongs to you?"
"Quite likely," I replied, very coolly. "The pieces have a familiar
Without another word the soldier flung the purse at my feet and
turned away. I heard him sobbing, and the sound was music. Then I
picked up the purse and hastened to the nearest café to count
the silver. There were just thirty pieces again.
To acquire silver, that is the chief joy possible to my new nature.
It is a glorious pleasure, is it not? How fortunate that the soul,
which took possession of my body in the Schloss, was not Socrates',
which would have made me, at best, a dismal ruminator like Calcarius;
but the soul that had dwelt in the gray rat till I strangled him. At
one time I thought that my new soul came to me from the dead notary in
the village. I know, now, that I inherited it from the rat, and I
believe it to be the soul that once animated Judas Iscariot, that
prince of men of action.