Two Saints of the Foot Hills by Bret Harte
It never was clearly ascertained how long they had been there. The
first settler of Rough-and-Ready—one Low, playfully known to his
familiars as "The Poor Indian"—declared that the Saints were afore
his time, and occupied a cabin in the brush when he "blazed" his way to
the North Fork. It is certain that the two were present when the water
was first turned on the Union Ditch and then and there received the
designation of Daddy Downey and Mammy Downey, which they kept to the
last. As they tottered toward the refreshment tent, they were welcomed
with the greatest enthusiasm by the boys; or, to borrow the more refined
language of the "Union Recorder,"—"Their gray hairs and bent
figures, recalling as they did the happy paternal eastern homes of the
spectators, and the blessings that fell from venerable lips when they
left those homes to journey in quest of the Golden Fleece on Occidental
Slopes, caused many to burst into tears." The nearer facts, that many of
these spectators were orphans, that a few were unable to establish any
legal parentage whatever, that others had enjoyed a State's guardianship
and discipline, and that a majority had left their paternal roofs without
any embarrassing preliminary formula, were mere passing clouds that did
not dim the golden imagery of the writer. From that day the Saints were
adopted as historical lay figures, and entered at once into possession of
uninterrupted gratuities and endowment.
It was not strange that, in a country largely made up of ambitious and
reckless youth, these two—types of conservative and settled
forms—should be thus celebrated. Apart from any sentiment or
veneration, they were admirable foils to the community's youthful
progress and energy. They were put forward at every social gathering,
occupied prominent seats on the platform at every public meeting, walked
first in every procession, were conspicuous at the frequent funeral and
rarer wedding, and were godfather and godmother to the first baby born in
Rough-and-Ready. At the first poll opened in that precinct, Daddy Downey
cast the first vote, and, as was his custom on all momentous occasions,
became volubly reminiscent. "The first vote I ever cast," said Daddy,
"was for Andrew Jackson; the father o' some on your peart young chaps
wasn't born then; he! he! that was 'way long in '33, wasn't it? I
disremember now, but if Mammy was here, she bein' a school-gal at the
time, she could say. But my memory's failin' me. I'm an old man, boys;
yet I likes to see the young ones go ahead. I recklect that thar vote
from a suckumstance. Squire Adams was present, and seein' it was my first
vote, he put a goold piece into my hand, and, sez he, sez Squire Adams,
'Let that always be a reminder of the exercise of a glorious freeman's
privilege!' He did; he! he! Lord, boys! I feel so proud of ye, that I
wish I had a hundred votes to cast for ye all."
It was hardly necessary to say that the memorial tribute of Squire
Adams was increased tenfold by the judges, inspectors, and clerks, and
that the old man tottered back to Mammy, considerably heavier than he
came. As both of the rival candidates were equally sure of his vote, and
each had called upon him and offered a conveyance, it is but fair to
presume they were equally beneficent. But Daddy insisted upon walking to
the polls,—a distance of two miles,—as a moral example, and a
text for the California paragraphers, who hastened to record that such
was the influence of the foot-hill climate, that "a citizen of
Rough-and-Ready, aged eighty-four, rose at six o'clock, and, after
milking two cows, walked a distance of twelve miles to the polls, and
returned in time to chop a cord of wood before dinner."
Slightly exaggerated as this statement may have been, the fact that
Daddy was always found by the visitor to be engaged at his wood- pile,
which seemed neither to increase nor diminish under his axe, a fact,
doubtless, owing to the activity of Mammy, who was always at the same
time making pies, seemed to give some credence to the story. Indeed, the
wood-pile of Daddy Downey was a standing reproof to the indolent and
"Ole Daddy must use up a pow'ful sight of wood; every time I've passed
by his shanty he's been makin' the chips fly. But what gets me is, that
the pile don't seem to come down," said Whisky Dick to his neighbor.
"Well, you derned fool!" growled his neighbor, "spose some chap
happens to pass by thar, and sees the old man doin' a man's work at
eighty, and slouches like you and me lying round drunk, and that chap,
feelin' kinder humped, goes up some dark night and heaves a load of cut
pine over his fence, who's got anything to say about it? Say?" Certainly
not the speaker, who had done the act suggested, nor the penitent and
remorseful hearer, who repeated it next day.
The pies and cakes made by the old woman were, I think, remarkable
rather for their inducing the same loyal and generous spirit than for
their intrinsic excellence, and it may be said appealed more strongly to
the nobler aspirations of humanity than its vulgar appetite. Howbeit,
everybody ate Mammy Downey's pies, and thought of his childhood. "Take
'em, dear boys," the old lady would say; "it does me good to see you eat
'em; reminds me kinder of my poor Sammy, that, ef he'd lived, would hev
been ez strong and beg ez you be, but was taken down with lung fever, at
Sweetwater. I kin see him yet; that's forty year ago, dear! comin' out o'
the lot to the bake-house, and smilin' such a beautiful smile, like
yours, dear boy, as I handed him a mince or a lemming turnover. Dear,
dear, how I do run on! and those days is past! but I seems to live in you
again!" The wife of the hotel-keeper, actuated by a low jealousy, had
suggested that she "seemed to live OFF them;" but as that person tried to
demonstrate the truth of her statement by reference to the cost of the
raw material used by the old lady, it was considered by the camp as too
practical and economical for consideration. "Besides," added Cy Perkins,
"ef old Mammy wants to turn an honest penny in her old age, let her do
it. How would you like your old mother to make pies on grub wages? eh?" A
suggestion that so affected his hearer (who had no mother) that he bought
three on the spot. The quality of these pies had never been discussed but
once. It is related that a young lawyer from San Francisco, dining at the
Palmetto restaurant, pushed away one of Mammy Downey's pies with every
expression of disgust and dissatisfaction. At this juncture, Whisky Dick,
considerably affected by his favorite stimulant, approached the
stranger's table, and, drawing up a chair, sat uninvited before him.
"Mebbee, young man," he began gravely, "ye don't like Mammy Downey's
The stranger replied curtly, and in some astonishment, that he did
not, as a rule, "eat pie."
"Young man," continued Dick, with drunken gravity, "mebbee you're
accustomed to Charlotte rusks and blue mange; mebbee ye can't eat unless
your grub is got up by one o' them French cooks'? Yet WE— us boys
yar in this camp—calls that pie—a good—a com-pe-tent
The stranger again disclaimed anything but a general dislike of that
form of pastry.
"Young man," continued Dick, utterly unheeding the explanation,—
"young man, mebbee you onst had an ole—a very ole mother, who,
tottering down the vale o' years, made pies. Mebbee, and it's like your
blank epicurean soul, ye turned up your nose on the ole woman, and went
back on the pies, and on her! She that dandled ye when ye woz a
baby,—a little baby! Mebbee ye went back on her, and shook her, and
played off on her, and gave her away—dead away! And now, mebbee,
young man—I wouldn't hurt ye for the world, but mebbee, afore ye
leave this yar table, YE'LL EAT THAT PIE!"
The stranger rose to his feet, but the muzzle of a dragoon revolver in
the unsteady hands of Whisky Dick, caused him to sit down again. He ate
the pie, and lost his case likewise, before a Rough-and- Ready jury.
Indeed, far from exhibiting the cynical doubts and distrusts of age,
Daddy Downey received always with childlike delight the progress of
modern improvement and energy. "In my day, long back in the twenties, it
took us nigh a week—a week, boys—to get up a barn, and all
the young ones—I was one then—for miles 'round at the
raisin'; and yer's you boys—rascals ye are, too—runs up this
yer shanty for Mammy and me 'twixt sun-up and dark! Eh, eh, you're
teachin' the old folks new tricks, are ye? Ah, get along, you!" and in
playful simulation of anger he would shake his white hair and his hickory
staff at the "rascals." The only indication of the conservative
tendencies of age was visible in his continual protest against the
extravagance of the boys. "Why," he would say, "a family, a hull
family,—leavin' alone me and the old woman,—might be
supported on what you young rascals throw away in a single spree. Ah, you
young dogs, didn't I hear about your scattering half-dollars on the stage
the other night when that Eyetalian Papist was singin'? And that money
goes out of Ameriky—ivry cent!"
There was little doubt that the old couple were saving, if not
avaricious. But when it was known, through the indiscreet volubility of
Mammy Downey, that Daddy Downey sent the bulk of their savings,
gratuities, and gifts to a dissipated and prodigal son in the
East,—whose photograph the old man always carried with
him,—it rather elevated him in their regard. "When ye write to that
gay and festive son o' yourn, Daddy," said Joe Robinson, "send him this
yer specimen. Give him my compliments, and tell him, ef he kin spend
money faster than I can, I call him! Tell him, ef he wants a first-class
jamboree, to kem out here, and me and the boys will show him what a
square drunk is!" In vain would the old man continue to protest against
the spirit of the gift; the miner generally returned with his pockets
that much the lighter, and it is not improbable a little less intoxicated
than he otherwise might have been. It may be premised that Daddy Downey
was strictly temperate. The only way he managed to avoid hurting the
feelings of the camp was by accepting the frequent donations of whisky to
be used for the purposes of liniment.
"Next to snake-oil, my son," he would say, "and dilberry-juice,—
and ye don't seem to pro-duce 'em hereabouts,—whisky is good for
rubbin' onto old bones to make 'em limber. But pure cold water,
'sparklin' and bright in its liquid light,' and, so to speak, reflectin'
of God's own linyments on its surfiss, is the best, onless, like poor ol'
Mammy and me, ye gets the dumb-agur from over-use."
The fame of the Downey couple was not confined to the foot-hills. The
Rev. Henry Gushington, D.D., of Boston, making a bronchial tour of
California, wrote to the "Christian Pathfinder" an affecting account of
his visit to them, placed Daddy Downey's age at 102, and attributed the
recent conversions in Rough-and-Ready to their influence. That gifted
literary Hessian, Bill Smith, traveling in the interests of various
capitalists, and the trustworthy correspondent of four "only independent
American journals," quoted him as an evidence of the longevity
superinduced by the climate, offered him as an example of the security of
helpless life and property in the mountains, used him as an advertisement
of the Union Ditch, and it is said in some vague way cited him as proving
the collateral facts of a timber and ore-producing region existing in the
foot-hills worthy the attention of Eastern capitalists.
Praised thus by the lips of distinguished report, fostered by the care
and sustained by the pecuniary offerings of their fellow- citizens, the
Saints led for two years a peaceful life of gentle absorption. To relieve
them from the embarrassing appearance of eleemosynary receipts,—an
embarrassment felt more by the givers than the recipients,—the
postmastership of Rough-and-Ready was procured for Daddy, and the duty of
receiving and delivering the United States mails performed by him, with
the advice and assistance of the boys. If a few letters went astray at
this time, it was easily attributed to this undisciplined aid, and the
boys themselves were always ready to make up the value of a missing
money-letter and "keep the old man's accounts square." To these functions
presently were added the treasurerships of the Masons' and Odd Fellows'
charitable funds,—the old man being far advanced in their
respective degrees,—and even the position of almoner of their
bounties was super-added. Here, unfortunately, Daddy's habits of economy
and avaricious propensity came near making him unpopular, and very often
needy brothers were forced to object to the quantity and quality of the
help extended. They always met with more generous relief from the private
hands of the brothers themselves, and the remark, "that the ol' man was
trying to set an example,—that he meant well,"—and that they
would yet be thankful for his zealous care and economy. A few, I think,
suffered in noble silence, rather than bring the old man's infirmity to
the public notice.
And so with this honor of Daddy and Mammy, the days of the miners were
long and profitable in the land of the foot-hills. The mines yielded
their abundance, the winters were singularly open and yet there was no
drouth nor lack of water, and peace and plenty smiled on the Sierrean
foothills, from their highest sunny upland to the trailing falda of wild
oats and poppies. If a certain superstition got abroad among the other
camps, connecting the fortunes of Rough- and-Ready with Daddy and Mammy,
it was a gentle, harmless fancy, and was not, I think, altogether
rejected by the old people. A certain large, patriarchal, bountiful
manner, of late visible in Daddy, and the increase of much white hair and
beard, kept up the poetic illusion, while Mammy, day by day, grew more
and more like somebody's fairy godmother. An attempt was made by a rival
camp to emulate these paying virtues of reverence, and an aged mariner
was procured from the Sailor's Snug Harbor in San Francisco, on trial.
But the unfortunate seaman was more or less diseased, was not always
presentable, through a weakness for ardent spirits, and finally, to use
the powerful idiom of one of his disappointed foster-children, "up and
died in a week, without slinging ary blessin'."
But vicissitude reaches young and old alike. Youthful Rough-and- Ready
and the Saints had climbed to their meridian together, and it seemed fit
that they should together decline. The first shadow fell with the
immigration to Rough-and-Ready of a second aged pair. The landlady of the
Independence Hotel had not abated her malevolence towards the Saints, and
had imported at considerable expense her grand-aunt and grand-uncle, who
had been enjoying for some years a sequestered retirement in the
poorhouse at East Machias. They were indeed very old. By what miracle,
even as anatomical specimens, they had been preserved during their long
journey was a mystery to the camp. In some respects they had superior
memories and reminiscences. The old man—Abner Trix—had
shouldered a musket in the war of 1812; his wife, Abigail, had seen Lady
Washington. She could sing hymns; he knew every text between "the leds"
of a Bible. There is little doubt but that in many respects, to the
superficial and giddy crowd of youthful spectators, they were the more
Whether it was jealousy, distrust, or timidity that overcame the
Saints, was never known, but they studiously declined to meet the
strangers. When directly approached upon the subject, Daddy Downey
pleaded illness, kept himself in close seclusion, and the Sunday that the
Trixes attended church in the school-house on the hill, the triumph of
the Trix party was mitigated by the fact that the Downeys were not in
their accustomed pew. "You bet that Daddy and Mammy is lying low jest to
ketch them old mummies yet," explained a Downeyite. For by this time
schism and division had crept into the camp; the younger and later
members of the settlement adhering to the Trixes, while the older
pioneers stood not only loyal to their own favorites, but even, in the
true spirit of partisanship, began to seek for a principle underlying
their personal feelings. "I tell ye what, boys," observed Sweetwater Joe,
"if this yer camp is goin' to be run by greenhorns, and old pioneers,
like Daddy and the rest of us, must take back seats, it's time we
emigrated and shoved out, and tuk Daddy with us. Why, they're talkin' of
rotation in offiss, and of putting that skeleton that Ma'am Decker sets
up at the table, to take her boarders' appetites away, into the post-
office in place o' Daddy." And, indeed, there were some fears of such a
conclusion; the newer men of Rough-and-Ready were in the majority, and
wielded a more than equal influence of wealth and outside enterprise.
"Frisco," as a Downeyite bitterly remarked, "already owned half the
town." The old friends that rallied around Daddy and Mammy were, like
most loyal friends in adversity, in bad case themselves, and were
beginning to look and act, it was observed, not unlike their old
At this juncture Mammy died.
The sudden blow for a few days seemed to reunite dissevered Rough-
and-Ready. Both factions hastened to the bereaved Daddy with
condolements, and offers of aid and assistance. But the old man received
them sternly. A change had come over the weak and yielding octogenarian.
Those who expected to find him maudlin, helpless, disconsolate, shrank
from the cold, hard eyes and truculent voice that bade them "begone," and
"leave him with his dead." Even his own friends failed to make him
respond to their sympathy, and were fain to content themselves with his
cold intimation that both the wishes of his dead wife and his own
instincts were against any display, or the reception of any favor from
the camp that might tend to keep up the divisions they had innocently
created. The refusal of Daddy to accept any service offered was so unlike
him as to have but one dreadful meaning! The sudden shock had turned his
brain! Yet so impressed were they with his resolution that they permitted
him to perform the last sad offices himself, and only a select few of his
nearer neighbors assisted him in carrying the plain deal coffin from his
lonely cabin in the woods to the still lonelier cemetery on the
When the shallow grave was filled, he dismissed even these curtly,
shut himself up in his cabin, and for days remained unseen. It was
evident that he was no longer in his right mind.
His harmless aberration was accepted and treated with a degree of
intelligent delicacy hardly to be believed of so rough a community.
During his wife's sudden and severe illness, the safe containing the
funds intrusted to his care by the various benevolent associations was
broken into and robbed, and although the act was clearly attributable to
his carelessness and preoccupation, all allusion to the fact was withheld
from him in his severe affliction. When he appeared again before the
camp, and the circumstances were considerately explained to him, with the
remark that "the boys had made it all right," the vacant, hopeless,
unintelligent eye that he turned upon the speaker showed too plainly that
he had forgotten all about it. "Don't trouble the old man," said Whisky
Dick, with a burst of honest poetry. "Don't ye see his memory's dead, and
lying there in the coffin with Mammy?" Perhaps the speaker was nearer
right than he imagined.
Failing in religious consolation, they took various means of diverting
his mind with worldly amusements, and one was a visit to a traveling
variety troupe, then performing in the town. The result of the visit was
briefly told by Whisky Dick. "Well, sir, we went in, and I sot the old
man down in a front seat, and kinder propped him up with some other of
the fellers round him, and there he sot as silent and awful ez the grave.
And then that fancy dancer, Miss Grace Somerset, comes in, and dern my
skin, ef the old man didn't get to trembling and fidgeting all over, as
she cut them pidgin wings. I tell ye what, boys, men is men, way down to
their boots,—whether they're crazy or not! Well, he took on so,
that I'm blamed if at last that gal HERSELF didn't notice him! and she
ups, suddenly, and blows him a kiss—so! with her fingers!"
Whether this narration were exaggerated or not, it is certain that the
old man Downey every succeeding night of the performance was a spectator.
That he may have aspired to more than that was suggested a day or two
later in the following incident: A number of the boys were sitting around
the stove in the Magnolia saloon, listening to the onset of a winter
storm against the windows, when Whisky Dick, tremulous, excited, and
bristling with rain-drops and information, broke in upon them.
"Well, boys, I've got just the biggest thing out. Ef I hadn't seed it
myself, I wouldn't hev believed it!"
"It ain't thet ghost ag'in?" growled Robinson, from the depths of his
arm-chair; "thet ghost's about played."
"Wot ghost?" asked a new-comer.
"Why, ole Mammy's ghost, that every feller about yer sees when he's
half full and out late o' nights."
"Where? Why, where should a ghost be? Meanderin' round her grave on
the hill, yander, in course."
"It's suthin bigger nor thet, pard," said Dick confidently; "no ghost
kin rake down the pot ag'in the keerds I've got here. This ain't no
"Well, go on!" said a dozen excited voices.
Dick paused a moment, diffidently, with the hesitation of an artistic
"Well," he said, with affected deliberation, "let's see! It's nigh
onto an hour ago ez I was down thar at the variety show. When the curtain
was down betwixt the ax, I looks round fer Daddy. No Daddy thar! I goes
out and asks some o' the boys. 'Daddy WAS there a minnit ago,' they say;
'must hev gone home.' Bein' kinder responsible for the old man, I hangs
around, and goes out in the hall and sees a passage leadin' behind the
scenes. Now the queer thing about this, boys, ez that suthin in my bones
tells me the old man is THAR. I pushes in, and, sure as a gun, I hears
his voice. Kinder pathetic, kinder pleadin', kinder—"
"Love-makin'!" broke in the impatient Robinson.
"You've hit it, pard,—you've rung the bell every time! But she
says, 'wants thet money down, or I'll—' and here I couldn't get to
hear the rest. And then he kinder coaxes, and she says, sorter sassy, but
listenin' all the time,—woman like, ye know, Eve and the
sarpint!—and she says, 'I,ll see to-morrow.' And he says, 'You
won't blow on me?' and I gets excited and peeps in, and may I be
teetotally durned ef I didn't see—"
"What?" yelled the crowd.
"Why, DADDY ON HIS KNEES TO THAT THERE FANCY DANCER, Grace Somerset!
Now, if Mammy's ghost is meanderin' round, why, et's about time she left
the cemetery and put in an appearance in Jackson's Hall. Thet's all!"
"Look yar, boys," said Robinson, rising, "I don't know ez it's the
square thing to spile Daddy's fun. I don't object to it, provided she
ain't takin' in the old man, and givin' him dead away. But ez we're his
guardeens, I propose that we go down thar and see the lady, and find out
ef her intentions is honorable. If she means marry, and the old man
persists, why, I reckon we kin give the young couple a send-off thet
won't disgrace this yer camp! Hey, boys?"
It is unnecessary to say that the proposition was received with
acclamation, and that the crowd at once departed on their discreet
mission. But the result was never known, for the next morning brought a
shock to Rough-and-Ready before which all other interest paled to
The grave of Mammy Downey was found violated and despoiled; the coffin
opened, and half filled with the papers and accounts of the robbed
benevolent associations; but the body of Mammy was gone! Nor, on
examination, did it appear that the sacred and ancient form of that
female had ever reposed in its recesses!
Daddy Downey was not to be found, nor is it necessary to say that the
ingenuous Grace Somerset was also missing.
For three days the reason of Rough-and-Ready trembled in the balance.
No work was done in the ditches, in the flume, nor in the mills. Groups
of men stood by the grave of the lamented relict of Daddy Downey, as
open-mouthed and vacant as that sepulchre. Never since the great
earthquake of '52 had Rough-and-Ready been so stirred to its deepest
On the third day the sheriff of Calaveras—a quiet, gentle,
thoughtful man—arrived in town, and passed from one to the other of
excited groups, dropping here and there detached but concise and
"Yes, gentlemen, you are right, Mrs. Downey is not dead, because there
wasn't any Mrs. Downey! Her part was played by George F. Fenwick, of
Sydney,—a 'ticket-of-leave-man,' who was, they say, a good actor.
Downey? Oh, yes Downey was Jem Flanigan, who, in '52, used to run the
variety troupe in Australia, where Miss Somerset made her debut. Stand
back a little, boys. Steady! 'The money?' Oh, yes, they've got away with
that, sure! How are ye, Joe? Why, you're looking well and hearty! I
rather expected ye court week. How's things your way?"
"Then they were only play-actors, Joe Hall?" broke in a dozen
"I reckon!" returned the sheriff, coolly.
"And for a matter o' five blank years," said Whisky Dick, sadly, "they
played this camp!"