Wirreenun the Rainmaker, Australian
THE country was stricken with a drought. The rivers were all dry
except the deepest holes in them. The grass was dead, and even the
trees were dying. The bark dardurr of the blacks were all fallen to the
ground and lay there rotting, so long was it since they had been used,
for only in wet weather did the blacks use the bark dardurr; at other
times they used only whatdooral, or bough shades.
The young men of the Noongahburrah murmured among themselves, at
first secretly, at last openly, saying: "Did not our fathers always say
that the Wirreenun could make, as we wanted it, the rain to fall? Yet
look at our country -the grass blown away, no doonburr seed to grind,
the kangaroo are dying, and the emu, the duck, and the swan have flown
to far countries. We shall have no food soon; then shall we die, and
the Noongahburrah be no more seen on the Narrin. Then why, if he is
able, does not Wirreenun inake rain?"
Soon these murmurs reached the ears of the old Wirreenun. He said
nothing, but the young fellows noticed that for two or three days in
succession he went to the waterhole in the creek and placed in it a
willgoo willgoo-a long stick, ornamented at the top with white cockatoo
feathers-and beside the stick he placed two big gubberah, that is, two
big, clear pebbles which at other times he always secreted about him,
in the folds of his waywah, or in the band or net on his head.
Especially was he careful to hide these stones from the women.
At the end of the third day Wirreenun said to the young men: "Go
you, take your comeboos and cut bark sufficient to make dardurr for all
The young men did as they were bade. When they had the bark cut and
brought in Wirreenun said: "Go you now and raise with ant-bed a high
place, and put thereon logs and wood for a fire, build the ant-bed
about a foot from the ground. Then put you a floor of ant-bed a foot
high whereever you are going to build a dardurr."
And they did what he told them. When the dardurr were finished,
having high floors of ant-bed and water-tight roofs of bark, Wirreenun
commanded the whole camp to come with him to the waterhole; men, women,
and children; all were to come. They all followed him down to the
creek, to the waterhole where he had placed the willgoo willgoo and
gubberah. Wirreenun jumped into the water and bade the tribe follow
him, which they did. There in the water they all splashed and played
about. After a little time Wirreenun went up first behind one black
fellow and then behind another, until at length he had been round them
all, and taken from the back of each one's head lumps of charcoal. When
he went up to each he appeared to suck the back or top of their heads,
and to draw out lumps of charcoal, which, as he sucked them out, he
spat into the water. When he had gone the round of all, he went out of
the water. But just as he got out a young man caught him up in his arms
and threw him back into the water. This happened several times, until
Wirreenun was shivering. That was the signal for all to leave the
creek. Wirreenun sent all the young people into a big bough shed, and
bade them all go to sleep. He and two old men and two old women stayed
outside. They loaded themselves with all their belongings piled up on
their backs, dayoorl stones and all, as if ready for a flitting. These
old people walked impatiently around the bough shed as if waiting a
signal to start somewhere. Soon a big black cloud appeared on the
horizon, first a single cloud, which, however, was soon followed by
others rising all round. They rose quickly until they all met just
overhead, forming a big black mass of clouds. As soon as this big,
heavy, rainladen looking cloud was stationary overhead, the old people
went into the bough shed and bade the young people wake up and come out
and look at the sky. When they were all roused Wirreenun told them to
lose no time, but to gather together all their possessions and hasten
to gain the shelter of the bark dardurr. Scarcely were they all in the
dardurrs and their spears well hidden when there sounded a terrific
clap of thunder, which was quickly followed by a regular cannonade,
lightning flashes shooting across the sky, followed by instantaneous
claps of deafening thunder. A sudden flash of lightning, which lit a
pathway, from heaven to earth, was followed by such a terrific clash
that the blacks thought their very camps were struck. But it was a tree
a little distance off. The blacks huddled together in their dardurrs,
frightened to move, the children crying with fear, and the dogs
crouching towards their owners.
"We shall be killed," shrieked the women. The men said nothing but
looked as frightened.
Only Wirreenun was fearless. "I will go out," he said, "and stop
the storm from hurting us. The lightning shall come no nearer."
So out in front of the dardurrs strode Wirreenun, and naked he
stood there facing the storm, singing aloud, as the thunder roared and
the lightning flashed, the chant which was to keep it away from the
Durreemooray, mooray, mooray," c.
Soon came a lull in the cannonade, a slight breeze stirred the
trees for a few moments, then an oppressive silence, and then the rain
in real earnest began, and settled down to a steady downpour, which
lasted for some days.
When the old people had been patrolling the bough shed as the
clouds rose overhead, Wirreenun had gone to the waterhole and taken out
the willgoo willgoo and the stones, for he saw by the cloud that their
work was done.
When the rain was over and the country all green again, the blacks
had a great corrobboree and sang of the skill of Wirreenun, rainmaker
to the Noongahburrah.
Wirreenun sat calm and heedless of their praise, as he had been of
their murmurs. But he determined to show them that his powers were
great, so he summoned the rainmaker of a neighbouring tribe, and after
some consultation with him, he ordered the tribes to go to the
Googoorewon, which was then a dry plain, with the solemn, gaunt trees
all round it, which had once been black fellows.
When they were all camped round the edges of this plain, Wirreenun
and his fellow rainmaker made a great rain to fall just over the plain
and fill it with water.
When the plain was changed into a lake, Wirreenun said to the young
men of his tribe: "Now take your nets and fish."
"What good?" said they. "The lake is filled from the rain, not the
flood water of rivers, filled but yesterday, how then shall there be
"Go," said Wirreenun. "Go as I bid you; fish. If your nets catch
nothing then shall Wirreenun speak no more to the men of his tribe, he
will seek only honey and yams with the women."
More to please the man who had changed their country from a desert
to a hunter's paradise, they did as he bade them, took their nets and
went into the lake. And the first time they drew their nets, they were
heavy with goodoo, murree, tucki, and bunmillah. And so many did they
catch that all the tribes, and their dogs, had plenty.
Then the elders of the camp said now that there was plenty
everywhere, they would have a borah that the boys should be made young
men. On one of the ridges away from the camp, that the women should not
know, would they prepare a ground.
And so was the big borah of the Googoorewon held, the borah which
was famous as following on the triumph of Wirreenun the rainmaker.