The Goblin and the Huckster by Hans Christian Andersen
THERE was once a regular student, who lived in a garret and had no
possessions. And there was also a regular huckster, to whom the house
belonged, and who occupied the ground floor. A goblin lived with the
huckster because at Christmas he always had a large dishful of jam,
with a great piece of butter in the middle. The huckster could afford
this, and therefore the goblin remained with himwhich was very shrewd
of the goblin.
One evening the student came into the shop through the back door to
buy candles and cheese for himself; he had no one to send, and
therefore he came himself. He obtained what he wished, and then the
huckster and his wife nodded good evening to him. The huckster's wife
was a woman who could do more than merely nod, for she usually had
plenty to say for herself. The student nodded also, as he turned to
leave, then suddenly stopped and began reading the piece of paper in
which the cheese was wrapped. It was a leaf torn out of an old book; a
book that ought not to have been torn up, for it was full of poetry.
Yonder lies some more of the same sort, said the huckster. I gave
an old woman a few coffee berries for it; you shall have the rest for
sixpence if you will.
Indeed I will, said the student. Give me the book instead of the
cheese; I can eat my bread and butter without cheese. It would be a sin
to tear up a book like this. You are a clever man and a practical man,
but you understand no more about poetry than that cask yonder.
This was a very rude speech, especially against the cask, but the
huckster and the student both laughed, for it was only said in fun. The
goblin, however, felt very angry that any man should venture to say
such things to a huckster who was a householder and sold the best
butter. As soon as it was night, the shop closed, and every one in bed
except the student, the goblin stepped softly into the bedroom where
the huckster's wife slept, and took away her tongue, which of course
she did not then want. Whatever object in the room he placed this
tongue upon, immediately received voice and speech and was able to
express its thoughts and feelings as readily as the lady herself could
do. It could only be used by one object at a time, which was a good
thing, as a number speaking at once would have caused great confusion.
The goblin laid the tongue upon the cask, in which lay a quantity of
Is it really true, he asked, that you do not know what poetry
Of course I know, replied the cask. Poetry is something that
always stands in the corner of a newspaper and is sometimes cut out.
And I may venture to affirm that I have more of it in me than the
student has, even if I am only a poor tub of the huckster's.
Then the goblin placed the tongue on the coffee mill, and how it did
go, to be sure! Then he put it on the butter-tub, and the cash-box, and
they all expressed the same opinion as the waste-paper tub. A majority
must always be respected.
Now I shall go and tell the student, said the goblin. With these
words he went quietly up the back stairs to the garret, where the
student lived. The student's candle was burning still, and the goblin
peeped through the keyhole and saw that he was reading in the torn book
which he had bought out of the shop. But how light the room was! From
the book shot forth a ray of light which grew broad and full like the
stem of a tree, from which bright rays spread upward and over the
student's head. Each leaf was fresh, and each flower was like a
beautiful female headsome with dark and sparkling eyes and others
with eyes that were wonderfully blue and clear. The fruit gleamed like
stars, and the room was filled with sounds of beautiful music. The
little goblin had never imagined, much less seen or heard of, any sight
so glorious as this. He stood still on tiptoe, peeping in, till the
light went out. The student no doubt had blown out his candle and gone
to bed, but the little goblin remained standing there, listening to the
music which still sounded, soft and beautifula sweet cradle song for
the student who had lain down to rest.
This is a wonderful place, said the goblin; I never expected such
a thing. I should like to stay here with the student. Then the little
man thought it over, for he was a sensible sprite. At last he sighed,
But the student has no jam! So he went downstairs again to the
huckster's shop, and it was a good thing he got back when he did, for
the cask had almost worn out the lady's tongue. He had given a
description of all that he contained on one side, and was just about to
turn himself over to the other side to describe what was there, when
the goblin entered and restored the tongue to the lady. From that time
forward, the whole shop, from the cash-box down to the pine-wood logs,
formed their opinions from that of the cask. They all had such
confidence in him and treated him with so much respect that when, in
the evening, the huckster read the criticisms on theatricals and art,
they fancied it must all come from the cask.
After what he had seen, the goblin could no longer sit and listen
quietly to the wisdom and understanding downstairs. As soon as the
evening light glimmered in the garret, he took courage, for it seemed
to him that the rays of light were strong cables, drawing him up and
obliging him to go and peep through the keyhole. While there, a feeling
of vastness came over him, such as we experience by the ever-moving sea
when the storm breaks forth, and it brought tears into his eyes. He did
not himself know why he wept, yet a kind of pleasant feeling mingled
with his tears. How wonderfully glorious it would be to sit with the
student under such a tree! But that was out of the question; he must
be content to look through the keyhole and be thankful for even that.
There he stood on the cold landing, with the autumn wind blowing
down upon him through the trapdoor. It was very cold, but the little
creature did not really feel it till the light in the garret went out
and the tones of music died away. Then how he shivered and crept
downstairs again to his warm corner, where he felt at home and
comfortable! And when Christmas came again and brought the dish of jam
and the great lump of butter, he liked the huckster best of all.
Soon after, the goblin was waked in the middle of the night by a
terrible noise and knocking against the window shutters and the house
doors and by the sound of the watchman's horn. A great fire had broken
out, and the whole street seemed full of flames. Was it in their house
or a neighbor's? No one could tell, for terror had seized upon all. The
huckster's wife was so bewildered that she took her gold earrings out
of her ears and put them in her pocket, that she might save something
at least. The huckster ran to get his business papers, and the servant
resolved to save her black silk mantle, which she had managed to buy.
All wished to keep the best things they had. The goblin had the same
wish, for with one spring he was upstairs in the student's room. He
found him standing by the open window and looking quite calmly at the
fire, which was raging in the house of a neighbor opposite.
The goblin caught up the wonderful book, which lay on the table, and
popped it into his red cap, which he held tightly with both hands. The
greatest treasure in the house was saved, and he ran away with it to
the roof and seated himself on the chimney. The flames of the burning
house opposite illuminated him as he sat with both hands pressed
tightly over his cap, in which the treasure lay. It was then that he
understood what feelings were really strongest in his heart and knew
exactly which way they tended. Yet, when the fire was extinguished and
the goblin again began to reflect, he hesitated, and said at last, I
must divide myself between the two; I cannot quite give up the
huckster, because of the jam.
This is a representation of human nature. We are like the goblin; we
all go to visit the huckster, because of the jam.