The Flax by Hans Christian Andersen
THE flax was in full bloom; it had pretty little blue flowers, as
delicate as the wings of a moth. The sun shone on it and the showers
watered it; and this was as good for the flax as it is for little
children to be washed and then kissed by their mothers. They look much
prettier for it, and so did the flax.
People say that I look exceedingly well, said the flax, and that
I am so fine and long that I shall make a beautiful piece of linen. How
fortunate I am! It makes me so happy to know that something can be made
of me. How the sunshine cheers me, and how sweet and refreshing is the
rain! My happiness overpowers me; no one in the world can feel happier
Ah, yes, no doubt, said the fern, but you do not know the world
yet as well as I do, for my sticks are knotty; and then it sang quite
Snip, snap, snurre,
The song is ended.
No, it is not ended, said the flax. To-morrow the sun will shine
or the rain descend. I feel that I am growing. I feel that I am in full
blossom. I am the happiest of all creatures, for I may some day come to
Well, one day some people came, who took hold of the flax and pulled
it up by the roots, which was very painful. Then it was laid in water,
as if it were to be drowned, and after that placed near a fire, as if
it were to be roasted. All this was very shocking.
We cannot expect to be happy always, said the flax. By
experiencing evil as well as good we become wise. And certainly there
was plenty of evil in store for the flax. It was steeped, and roasted,
and broken, and combed; indeed, it scarcely knew what was done to it.
At last it was put on the spinning wheel. Whir, whir, went the wheel,
so quickly that the flax could not collect its thoughts.
Well, I have been very happy, it thought in the midst of its pain,
and must be contented with the past. And contented it remained, till
it was put on the loom and became a beautiful piece of white linen. All
the flax, even to the last stalk, was used in making this one piece.
Well, this is quite wonderful, said the flax. I could not have
believed that I should be so favored by fortune. The fern was not wrong
when it sang,
'Snip, snap, snurre,
But the song is not ended yet, I am sure; it is only just beginning.
How wonderful it is that, after all I have suffered, I am made
something of at last! I am the luckiest person in the worldso strong
and fine. And how white and long I am! This is far better than being a
mere plant and bearing flowers. Then I had no attention, nor any water
unless it rained; now I am watched and cared for. Every morning the
maid turns me over, and I have a shower bath from the watering-pot
every evening. Yes, and the clergyman's wife noticed me and said I was
the best piece of linen in the whole parish. I cannot be happier than I
After some time the linen was taken into the house, and there cut
with the scissors and torn into pieces and then pricked with needles.
This certainly was not pleasant, but at last it was made into twelve
garments of the kind that everybody wears. See now, then, said the
flax, I have become something of importance. This was my destiny; it
is quite a blessing. Now I shall be of some use in the world, as every
one ought to be; it is the only way to be happy. I am now divided into
twelve pieces, and yet the whole dozen is all one and the same. It is
most extraordinary good fortune.
Years passed away, and at last the linen was so worn it could
scarcely hold together. It must end very soon, said the pieces to
each other. We would gladly have held together a little longer, but it
is useless to expect impossibilities. And at length they fell into
rags and tatters and thought it was all over with them, for they were
torn to shreds and steeped in water and made into a pulp and dried, and
they knew not what besides, till all at once they found themselves
beautiful white paper. Well, now, this is a surprisea glorious
surprise too, said the paper. Now I am finer than ever, and who can
tell what fine things I may have written upon me? This is wonderful
luck! And so it was, for the most beautiful stories and poetry were
written upon it, and only once was there a blot, which was remarkable
good fortune. Then people heard the stories and poetry read, and it
made them wiser and better; for all that was written had a good and
sensible meaning, and a great blessing was contained in it.
I never imagined anything like this when I was only a little blue
flower growing in the fields, said the paper. How could I know that I
should ever be the means of bringing knowledge and joy to men? I cannot
understand it myself, and yet it is really so. Heaven knows that I have
done nothing myself but what I was obliged to do with my weak powers
for my own preservation; and yet I have been promoted from one joy and
honor to another. Each time I think that the song is ended, and then
something higher and better begins for me. I suppose now I shall be
sent out to journey about the world, so that people may read me. It
cannot be otherwise, for I have more splendid thoughts written upon me
than I had pretty flowers in olden times. I am happier than ever.
But the paper did not go on its travels. It was sent to the printer,
and all the words written upon it were set up in type to make a
book,or rather many hundreds of books,for many more persons could
derive pleasure and profit from a printed book than from the written
paper; and if the paper had been sent about the world, it would have
been worn out before it had half finished its journey.
Yes, this is certainly the wisest plan, said the written paper; I
really did not think of this. I shall remain at home and be held in
honor like some old grandfather, as I really am to all these new books.
They will do some good. I could not have wandered about as they can,
yet he who wrote all this has looked at me as every word flowed from
his pen upon my surface. I am the most honored of all.
Then the paper was tied in a bundle with other papers and thrown
into a tub that stood in the washhouse.
After work, it is well to rest, said the paper, and a very good
opportunity to collect one's thoughts. Now I am able, for the first
time, to learn what is in me; and to know one's self is true progress.
What will be done with me now, I wonder? No doubt I shall still go
forward. I have always progressed hitherto, I know quite well.
Now it happened one day that all the paper in the tub was taken out
and laid on the hearth to be burned. People said it could not be sold
at the shop, to wrap up butter and sugar, because it had been written
upon. The children in the house stood round the hearth to watch the
blaze, for paper always flamed up so prettily, and afterwards, among
the ashes, there were so many red sparks to be seen running one after
the other, here and there, as quick as the wind. They called it seeing
the children come out of school, and the last spark, they said, was the
schoolmaster. They would often think the last spark had come, and one
would cry, There goes the schoolmaster, but the next moment another
spark would appear, bright and beautiful. How they wanted to know where
all the sparks went to! Perhaps they will find out some day.
The whole bundle of paper had been placed on the fire and was soon
burning. Ugh! cried the paper as it burst into a bright flame; ugh!
It was certainly not very pleasant to be burned. But when the whole was
wrapped in flames, the sparks mounted up into the air, higher than the
flax had ever been able to raise its little blue flowers, and they
glistened as the white linen never could have glistened. All the
written letters became quite red in a moment, and all the words and
thoughts turned to fire.
Now I am mounting straight up to the sun, said a voice in the
flames; and it was as if a thousand voices echoed the words as the
flames darted up through the chimney and went out at the top. Then a
number of tiny beings, as many as the flowers on the flax had been, and
invisible to mortal eyes, floated above the children. They were even
lighter and more delicate than the blue flowers from which they were
born; and as the flames died out and nothing remained of the paper but
black ashes, these little beings danced upon it, and wherever they
touched it, bright red sparks appeared.
The children are all out of school, and the schoolmaster was the
last of all, said the children. It was good fun, and they sang over
the dead ashes:
Snip, snap, snurre,
The song is ended.
But the little invisible beings said, The song is never ended; the
most beautiful is yet to come.
But the children could neither hear nor understand this; nor should
they, for children must not know everything.