Kerfol by Edith Wharton
"You ought to buy it," said my host; "it's just the place for a
solitary-minded devil like you. And it would be rather worth while
to own the most romantic house in Brittany. The present people are
dead broke, and it's going for a song—you ought to buy it."
It was not with the least idea of living up to the character my
friend Lanrivain ascribed to me (as a matter of fact, under my
unsociable exterior I have always had secret yearnings for
domesticity) that I took his hint one autumn afternoon and went to
Kerfol. My friend was motoring over to Quimper on business: he
dropped me on the way, at a cross-road on a heath, and said: "First
turn to the right and second to the left. Then straight ahead till
you see an avenue. If you meet any peasants, don't ask your way.
They don't understand French, and they would pretend they did and mix
you up. I'll be back for you here by sunset—and don't forget the
tombs in the chapel."
I followed Lanrivain's directions with the hesitation occasioned
by the usual difficulty of remembering whether he had said the first
turn to the right and second to the left, or the contrary. If I had
met a peasant I should certainly have asked, and probably been sent
astray; but I had the desert landscape to myself, and so stumbled on
the right turn and walked on across the heath till I came to an
avenue. It was so unlike any other avenue I have ever seen that I
instantly knew it must be THE avenue. The grey-trunked trees sprang
up straight to a great height and then interwove their pale-grey
branches in a long tunnel through which the autumn light fell faintly.
I know most trees by name, but I haven't to this day been able to
decide what those trees were. They had the tall curve of elms, the
tenuity of poplars, the ashen colour of olives under a rainy sky; and
they stretched ahead of me for half a mile or more without a break in
their arch. If ever I saw an avenue that unmistakeably led to
something, it was the avenue at Kerfol. My heart beat a little as I
began to walk down it.
Presently the trees ended and I came to a fortified gate in a long
wall. Between me and the wall was an open space of grass, with other
grey avenues radiating from it. Behind the wall were tall slate roofs
mossed with silver, a chapel belfry, the top of a keep. A moat filled
with wild shrubs and brambles surrounded the place; the drawbridge had
been replaced by a stone arch, and the portcullis by an iron gate. I
stood for a long time on the hither side of the moat, gazing about me,
and letting the influence of the place sink in. I said to myself: "If
I wait long enough, the guardian will turn up and show me the tombs—"
and I rather hoped he wouldn't turn up too soon.
I sat down on a stone and lit a cigarette. As soon as I had done
it, it struck me as a puerile and portentous thing to do, with that
great blind house looking down at me, and all the empty avenues
converging on me. It may have been the depth of the silence that made
me so conscious of my gesture. The squeak of my match sounded as loud
as the scraping of a brake, and I almost fancied I heard it fall when
I tossed it onto the grass. But there was more than that: a sense of
irrelevance, of littleness, of childish bravado, in sitting there
puffing my cigarette-smoke into the face of such a past.
I knew nothing of the history of Kerfol—I was new to Brittany,
and Lanrivain had never mentioned the name to me till the day
before—but one couldn't as much as glance at that pile without
feeling in it a long accumulation of history. What kind of history I
was not prepared to guess: perhaps only the sheer weight of many
associated lives and deaths which gives a kind of majesty to all old
houses. But the aspect of Kerfol suggested something more—a
perspective of stern and cruel memories stretching away, like its own
grey avenues, into a blur of darkness.
Certainly no house had ever more completely and finally broken
with the present. As it stood there, lifting its proud roofs and
gables to the sky, it might have been its own funeral monument.
"Tombs in the chapel? The whole place is a tomb!" I reflected. I
hoped more and more that the guardian would not come. The details of
the place, however striking, would seem trivial compared with its
collective impressiveness; and I wanted only to sit there and be
penetrated by the weight of its silence.
"It's the very place for you!" Lanrivain had said; and I was
overcome by the almost blasphemous frivolity of suggesting to any
living being that Kerfol was the place for him. "Is it possible that
any one could NOT see—?" I wondered. I did not finish the thought:
what I meant was undefinable. I stood up and wandered toward the
gate. I was beginning to want to know more; not to SEE more—I was by
now so sure it was not a question of seeing— but to feel more: feel
all the place had to communicate. "But to get in one will have to
rout out the keeper," I thought reluctantly, and hesitated. Finally I
crossed the bridge and tried the iron gate. It yielded, and I walked
under the tunnel formed by the thickness of the chemin de ronde. At
the farther end, a wooden barricade had been laid across the entrance,
and beyond it I saw a court enclosed in noble architecture. The main
building faced me; and I now discovered that one half was a mere
ruined front, with gaping windows through which the wild growths of
the moat and the trees of the park were visible. The rest of the
house was still in its robust beauty. One end abutted on the round
tower, the other on the small traceried chapel, and in an angle of the
building stood a graceful well-head adorned with mossy urns. A few
roses grew against the walls, and on an upper window-sill I remember
noticing a pot of fuchsias.
My sense of the pressure of the invisible began to yield to my
architectural interest. The building was so fine that I felt a
desire to explore it for its own sake. I looked about the court,
wondering in which corner the guardian lodged. Then I pushed open
the barrier and went in. As I did so, a little dog barred my way. He
was such a remarkably beautiful little dog that for a moment he made
me forget the splendid place he was defending. I was not sure of his
breed at the time, but have since learned that it was Chinese, and
that he was of a rare variety called the "Sleeve-dog." He was very
small and golden brown, with large brown eyes and a ruffled throat: he
looked rather like a large tawny chrysanthemum. I said to myself:
"These little beasts always snap and scream, and somebody will be out
in a minute."
The little animal stood before me, forbidding, almost menacing:
there was anger in his large brown eyes. But he made no sound, he
came no nearer. Instead, as I advanced, he gradually fell back, and I
noticed that another dog, a vague rough brindled thing, had limped up.
"There'll be a hubbub now," I thought; for at the same moment a third
dog, a long-haired white mongrel, slipped out of a doorway and joined
the others. All three stood looking at me with grave eyes; but not a
sound came from them. As I advanced they continued to fall back on
muffled paws, still watching me. "At a given point, they'll all
charge at my ankles: it's one of the dodges that dogs who live
together put up on one," I thought. I was not much alarmed, for they
were neither large nor formidable. But they let me wander about the
court as I pleased, following me at a little distance—always the same
distance—and always keeping their eyes on me. Presently I looked
across at the ruined facade, and saw that in one of its window-frames
another dog stood: a large white pointer with one brown ear. He was
an old grave dog, much more experienced than the others; and he seemed
to be observing me with a deeper intentness.
"I'll hear from HIM," I said to myself; but he stood in the empty
window-frame, against the trees of the park, and continued to watch
me without moving. I looked back at him for a time, to see if the
sense that he was being watched would not rouse him. Half the width
of the court lay between us, and we stared at each other silently
across it. But he did not stir, and at last I turned away. Behind me
I found the rest of the pack, with a newcomer added: a small black
greyhound with pale agate-coloured eyes. He was shivering a little,
and his expression was more timid than that of the others. I noticed
that he kept a little behind them. And still there was not a sound.
I stood there for fully five minutes, the circle about me—
waiting, as they seemed to be waiting. At last I went up to the
little golden-brown dog and stooped to pat him. As I did so, I heard
myself laugh. The little dog did not start, or growl, or take his
eyes from me—he simply slipped back about a yard, and then paused and
continued to look at me. "Oh, hang it!" I exclaimed aloud, and walked
across the court toward the well.
As I advanced, the dogs separated and slid away into different
corners of the court. I examined the urns on the well, tried a
locked door or two, and up and down the dumb facade; then I faced
about toward the chapel. When I turned I perceived that all the dogs
had disappeared except the old pointer, who still watched me from the
empty window-frame. It was rather a relief to be rid of that cloud of
witnesses; and I began to look about me for a way to the back of the
house. "Perhaps there'll be somebody in the garden," I thought. I
found a way across the moat, scrambled over a wall smothered in
brambles, and got into the garden. A few lean hydrangeas and
geraniums pined in the flower-beds, and the ancient house looked down
on them indifferently. Its garden side was plainer and severer than
the other: the long granite front, with its few windows and steep
roof, looked like a fortress-prison. I walked around the farther
wing, went up some disjointed steps, and entered the deep twilight of
a narrow and incredibly old box-walk. The walk was just wide enough
for one person to slip through, and its branches met overhead. It was
like the ghost of a box-walk, its lustrous green all turning to the
shadowy greyness of the avenues. I walked on and on, the branches
hitting me in the face and springing back with a dry rattle; and at
length I came out on the grassy top of the chemin de ronde. I walked
along it to the gate-tower, looking down into the court, which was
just below me. Not a human being was in sight; and neither were the
dogs. I found a flight of steps in the thickness of the wall and went
down them; and when I emerged again into the court, there stood the
circle of dogs, the golden- brown one a little ahead of the others,
the black greyhound shivering in the rear.
"Oh, hang it—you uncomfortable beasts, you!" I exclaimed, my
voice startling me with a sudden echo. The dogs stood motionless,
watching me. I knew by this time that they would not try to prevent
my approaching the house, and the knowledge left me free to examine
them. I had a feeling that they must be horribly cowed to be so
silent and inert. Yet they did not look hungry or ill-treated. Their
coats were smooth and they were not thin, except the shivering
greyhound. It was more as if they had lived a long time with people
who never spoke to them or looked at them: as though the silence of
the place had gradually benumbed their busy inquisitive natures. And
this strange passivity, this almost human lassitude, seemed to me
sadder than the misery of starved and beaten animals. I should have
liked to rouse them for a minute, to coax them into a game or a
scamper; but the longer I looked into their fixed and weary eyes the
more preposterous the idea became. With the windows of that house
looking down on us, how could I have imagined such a thing? The dogs
knew better: THEY knew what the house would tolerate and what it would
not. I even fancied that they knew what was passing through my mind,
and pitied me for my frivolity. But even that feeling probably
reached them through a thick fog of listlessness. I had an idea that
their distance from me was as nothing to my remoteness from them. In
the last analysis, the impression they produced was that of having in
common one memory so deep and dark that nothing that had happened
since was worth either a growl or a wag.
"I say," I broke out abruptly, addressing myself to the dumb
circle, "do you know what you look like, the whole lot of you? You
look as if you'd seen a ghost—that's how you look! I wonder if there
IS a ghost here, and nobody but you left for it to appear to?" The
dogs continued to gaze at me without moving. . .
It was dark when I saw Lanrivain's motor lamps at the cross-
roads—and I wasn't exactly sorry to see them. I had the sense of
having escaped from the loneliest place in the whole world, and of not
liking loneliness—to that degree—as much as I had imagined I should.
My friend had brought his solicitor back from Quimper for the night,
and seated beside a fat and affable stranger I felt no inclination to
talk of Kerfol. . .
But that evening, when Lanrivain and the solicitor were closeted
in the study, Madame de Lanrivain began to question me in the
"Well—are you going to buy Kerfol?" she asked, tilting up her gay
chin from her embroidery.
"I haven't decided yet. The fact is, I couldn't get into the
house," I said, as if I had simply postponed my decision, and meant
to go back for another look.
"You couldn't get in? Why, what happened? The family are mad to
sell the place, and the old guardian has orders—"
"Very likely. But the old guardian wasn't there."
"What a pity! He must have gone to market. But his daughter—?"
"There was nobody about. At least I saw no one."
"How extraordinary! Literally nobody?"
"Nobody but a lot of dogs—a whole pack of them—who seemed to
have the place to themselves."
Madame de Lanrivain let the embroidery slip to her knee and folded
her hands on it. For several minutes she looked at me thoughtfully.
"A pack of dogs—you SAW them?"
"Saw them? I saw nothing else!"
"How many?" She dropped her voice a little. "I've always
I looked at her with surprise: I had supposed the place to be
familiar to her. "Have you never been to Kerfol?" I asked.
"Oh, yes: often. But never on that day."
"I'd quite forgotten—and so had Herve, I'm sure. If we'd
remembered, we never should have sent you today—but then, after all,
one doesn't half believe that sort of thing, does one?"
"What sort of thing?" I asked, involuntarily sinking my voice to
the level of hers. Inwardly I was thinking: "I KNEW there was
something. . ."
Madame de Lanrivain cleared her throat and produced a reassuring
smile. "Didn't Herve tell you the story of Kerfol? An ancestor of
his was mixed up in it. You know every Breton house has its
ghost-story; and some of them are rather unpleasant."
"Yes—but those dogs?" I insisted.
"Well, those dogs are the ghosts of Kerfol. At least, the
peasants say there's one day in the year when a lot of dogs appear
there; and that day the keeper and his daughter go off to Morlaix and
get drunk. The women in Brittany drink dreadfully." She stooped to
match a silk; then she lifted her charming inquisitive Parisian face:
"Did you REALLY see a lot of dogs? There isn't one at Kerfol," she
Lanrivain, the next day, hunted out a shabby calf volume from the
back of an upper shelf of his library.
"Yes—here it is. What does it call itself? A History of the
Assizes of the Duchy of Brittany. Quimper, 1702. The book was
written about a hundred years later than the Kerfol affair; but I
believe the account is transcribed pretty literally from the judicial
records. Anyhow, it's queer reading. And there's a Herve de
Lanrivain mixed up in it—not exactly MY style, as you'll see. But
then he's only a collateral. Here, take the book up to bed with you.
I don't exactly remember the details; but after you've read it I'll
bet anything you'll leave your light burning all night!"
I left my light burning all night, as he had predicted; but it was
chiefly because, till near dawn, I was absorbed in my reading. The
account of the trial of Anne de Cornault, wife of the lord of Kerfol,
was long and closely printed. It was, as my friend had said, probably
an almost literal transcription of what took place in the court-room;
and the trial lasted nearly a month. Besides, the type of the book
was detestable. . .
At first I thought of translating the old record literally. But
it is full of wearisome repetitions, and the main lines of the story
are forever straying off into side issues. So I have tried to
disentangle it, and give it here in a simpler form. At times,
however, I have reverted to the text because no other words could
have conveyed so exactly the sense of what I felt at Kerfol; and
nowhere have I added anything of my own.
It was in the year 16— that Yves de Cornault, lord of the domain
of Kerfol, went to the pardon of Locronan to perform his religious
duties. He was a rich and powerful noble, then in his sixty-second
year, but hale and sturdy, a great horseman and hunter and a pious
man. So all his neighbours attested. In appearance he seems to have
been short and broad, with a swarthy face, legs slightly bowed from
the saddle, a hanging nose and broad hands with black hairs on them.
He had married young and lost his wife and son soon after, and since
then had lived alone at Kerfol. Twice a year he went to Morlaix,
where he had a handsome house by the river, and spent a week or ten
days there; and occasionally he rode to Rennes on business. Witnesses
were found to declare that during these absences he led a life
different from the one he was known to lead at Kerfol, where he
busied himself with his estate, attended mass daily, and found his
only amusement in hunting the wild boar and water-fowl. But these
rumours are not particularly relevant, and it is certain that among
people of his own class in the neighbourhood he passed for a stern and
even austere man, observant of his religious obligations, and keeping
strictly to himself. There was no talk of any familiarity with the
women on his estate, though at that time the nobility were very free
with their peasants. Some people said he had never looked at a woman
since his wife's death; but such things are hard to prove, and the
evidence on this point was not worth much.
Well, in his sixty-second year, Yves de Cornault went to the
pardon at Locronan, and saw there a young lady of Douarnenez, who had
ridden over pillion behind her father to do her duty to the saint.
Her name was Anne de Barrigan, and she came of good old Breton stock,
but much less great and powerful than that of Yves de Cornault; and
her father had squandered his fortune at cards, and lived almost like
a peasant in his little granite manor on the moors. . . I have said I
would add nothing of my own to this bald statement of a strange case;
but I must interrupt myself here to describe the young lady who rode
up to the lych-gate of Locronan at the very moment when the Baron de
Cornault was also dismounting there. I take my description from a
rather rare thing: a faded drawing in red crayon, sober and truthful
enough to be by a late pupil of the Clouets, which hangs in
Lanrivain's study, and is said to be a portrait of Anne de Barrigan.
It is unsigned and has no mark of identity but the initials A. B.,
and the date 16—, the year after her marriage. It represents a
young woman with a small oval face, almost pointed, yet wide enough
for a full mouth with a tender depression at the corners. The nose is
small, and the eyebrows are set rather high, far apart, and as lightly
pencilled as the eyebrows in a Chinese painting. The forehead is high
and serious, and the hair, which one feels to be fine and thick and
fair, drawn off it and lying close like a cap. The eyes are neither
large nor small, hazel probably, with a look at once shy and steady.
A pair of beautiful long hands are crossed below the lady's breast. .
The chaplain of Kerfol, and other witnesses, averred that when the
Baron came back from Locronan he jumped from his horse, ordered
another to be instantly saddled, called to a young page come with him,
and rode away that same evening to the south. His steward followed
the next morning with coffers laden on a pair of pack mules. The
following week Yves de Cornault rode back to Kerfol, sent for his
vassals and tenants, and told them he was to be married at All Saints
to Anne de Barrigan of Douarnenez. And on All Saints' Day the
marriage took place.
As to the next few years, the evidence on both sides seems to show
that they passed happily for the couple. No one was found to say that
Yves de Cornault had been unkind to his wife, and it was plain to all
that he was content with his bargain. Indeed, it was admitted by the
chaplain and other witnesses for the prosecution that the young lady
had a softening influence on her husband, and that he became less
exacting with his tenants, less harsh to peasants and dependents, and
less subject to the fits of gloomy silence which had darkened his
widow-hood. As to his wife, the only grievance her champions could
call up in her behalf was that Kerfol was a lonely place, and that
when her husband was away on business at Rennes or Morlaix—whither
she was never taken—she was not allowed so much as to walk in the
park unaccompanied. But no one asserted that she was unhappy, though
one servant-woman said she had surprised her crying, and had heard her
say that she was a woman accursed to have no child, and nothing in
life to call her own. But that was a natural enough feeling in a wife
attached to her husband; and certainly it must have been a great grief
to Yves de Cornault that she gave him no son. Yet he never made her
feel her childlessness as a reproach—she herself admits this in her
evidence—but seemed to try to make her forget it by showering gifts
and favours on her. Rich though he was, he had never been open-handed;
but nothing was too fine for his wife, in the way of silks or gems or
linen, or whatever else she fancied. Every wandering merchant was
welcome at Kerfol, and when the master was called away he never came
back without bringing his wife a handsome present—something curious
and particular—from Morlaix or Rennes or Quimper. One of the
waiting-women gave, in cross-examination, an interesting list of one
year's gifts, which I copy. From Morlaix, a carved ivory junk, with
Chinamen at the oars, that a strange sailor had brought back as a
votive offering for Notre Dame de la Clarte, above Ploumanac'h; from
Quimper, an embroidered gown, worked by the nuns of the Assumption;
from Rennes, a silver rose that opened and showed an amber Virgin with
a crown of garnets; from Morlaix, again, a length of Damascus velvet
shot with gold, bought of a Jew from Syria; and for Michaelmas that
same year, from Rennes, a necklet or bracelet of round
stones—emeralds and pearls and rubies—strung like beads on a gold
wire. This was the present that pleased the lady best, the woman
said. Later on, as it happened, it was produced at the trial, and
appears to have struck the Judges and the public as a curious and
The very same winter, the Baron absented himself again, this time
as far as Bordeaux, and on his return he brought his wife something
even odder and prettier than the bracelet. It was a winter evening
when he rode up to Kerfol and, walking into the hall, found her
sitting listlessly by the fire, her chin on her hand, looking into the
fire. He carried a velvet box in his hand and, setting it down on the
hearth, lifted the lid and let out a little golden-brown dog.
Anne de Cornault exclaimed with pleasure as the little creature
bounded toward her. "Oh, it looks like a bird or a butterfly!" she
cried as she picked it up; and the dog put its paws on her shoulders
and looked at her with eyes "like a Christian's." After that she would
never have it out of her sight, and petted and talked to it as if it
had been a child—as indeed it was the nearest thing to a child she
was to know. Yves de Cornault was much pleased with his purchase.
The dog had been brought to him by a sailor from an East India
merchantman, and the sailor had bought it of a pilgrim in a bazaar at
Jaffa, who had stolen it from a nobleman's wife in China: a perfectly
permissible thing to do, since the pilgrim was a Christian and the
nobleman a heathen doomed to hellfire. Yves de Cornault had paid a
long price for the dog, for they were beginning to be in demand at the
French court, and the sailor knew he had got hold of a good thing; but
Anne's pleasure was so great that, to see her laugh and play with the
little animal, her husband would doubtless have given twice the sum.
So far, all the evidence is at one, and the narrative plain
sailing; but now the steering becomes difficult. I will try to keep
as nearly as possible to Anne's own statements; though toward the end,
poor thing . . .
Well, to go back. The very year after the little brown dog was
brought to Kerfol, Yves de Cornault, one winter night, was found dead
at the head of a narrow flight of stairs leading down from his wife's
rooms to a door opening on the court. It was his wife who found him
and gave the alarm, so distracted, poor wretch, with fear and
horror—for his blood was all over her—that at first the roused
household could not make out what she was saying, and thought she had
gone suddenly mad. But there, sure enough, at the top of the stairs
lay her husband, stone dead, and head foremost, the blood from his
wounds dripping down to the steps below him. He had been dreadfully
scratched and gashed about the face and throat, as if with a dull
weapon; and one of his legs had a deep tear in it which had cut an
artery, and probably caused his death. But how did he come there, and
who had murdered him?
His wife declared that she had been asleep in her bed, and hearing
his cry had rushed out to find him lying on the stairs; but this was
immediately questioned. In the first place, it was proved that from
her room she could not have heard the struggle on the stairs, owing to
the thickness of the walls and the length of the intervening passage;
then it was evident that she had not been in bed and asleep, since she
was dressed when she roused the house, and her bed had not been slept
in. Moreover, the door at the bottom of the stairs was ajar, and the
key in the lock; and it was noticed by the chaplain (an observant man)
that the dress she wore was stained with blood about the knees, and
that there were traces of small blood-stained hands low down on the
staircase walls, so that it was conjectured that she had really been
at the postern-door when her husband fell and, feeling her way up to
him in the darkness on her hands and knees, had been stained by his
blood dripping down on her. Of course it was argued on the other side
that the blood-marks on her dress might have been caused by her
kneeling down by her husband when she rushed out of her room; but
there was the open door below, and the fact that the fingermarks in
the staircase all pointed upward.
The accused held to her statement for the first two days, in spite
of its improbability; but on the third day word was brought to her
that Herve de Lanrivain, a young nobleman of the neighbourhood, had
been arrested for complicity in the crime. Two or three witnesses
thereupon came forward to say that it was known throughout the country
that Lanrivain had formerly been on good terms with the lady of
Cornault; but that he had been absent from Brittany for over a year,
and people had ceased to associate their names. The witnesses who
made this statement were not of a very reputable sort. One was an old
herb-gatherer suspected of witch-craft, another a drunken clerk from a
neighbouring parish, the third a half-witted shepherd who could be
made to say anything; and it was clear that the prosecution was not
satisfied with its case, and would have liked to find more definite
proof of Lanrivain's complicity than the statement of the herb-
gatherer, who swore to having seen him climbing the wall of the park
on the night of the murder. One way of patching out incomplete proofs
in those days was to put some sort of pressure, moral or physical, on
the accused person. It is not clear what pressure was put on Anne de
Cornault; but on the third day, when she was brought into court, she
"appeared weak and wandering," and after being encouraged to collect
herself and speak the truth, on her honour and the wounds of her
Blessed Redeemer, she confessed that she had in fact gone down the
stairs to speak with Herve de Lanrivain (who denied everything), and
had been surprised there by the sound of her husband's fall. That was
better; and the prosecution rubbed its hands with satisfaction. The
satisfaction increased when various dependents living at Kerfol were
induced to say—with apparent sincerity—that during the year or two
preceding his death their master had once more grown uncertain and
irascible, and subject to the fits of brooding silence which his
household had learned to dread before his second marriage. This
seemed to show that things had not been going well at Kerfol; though
no one could be found to say that there had been any signs of open
disagreement between husband and wife.
Anne de Cornault, when questioned as to her reason for going down
at night to open the door to Herve de Lanrivain, made an answer which
must have sent a smile around the court. She said it was because she
was lonely and wanted to talk with the young man. Was this the only
reason? she was asked; and replied: "Yes, by the Cross over your
Lordships' heads." "But why at midnight?" the court asked. "Because
I could see him in no other way." I can see the exchange of glances
across the ermine collars under the Crucifix.
Anne de Cornault, further questioned, said that her married life
had been extremely lonely: "desolate" was the word she used. It was
true that her husband seldom spoke harshly to her; but there were days
when he did not speak at all. It was true that he had never struck or
threatened her; but he kept her like a prisoner at Kerfol, and when he
rode away to Morlaix or Quimper or Rennes he set so close a watch on
her that she could not pick a flower in the garden without having a
waiting-woman at her heels. "I am no Queen, to need such honours,"
she once said to him; and he had answered that a man who has a
treasure does not leave the key in the lock when he goes out. "Then
take me with you," she urged; but to this he said that towns were
pernicious places, and young wives better off at their own firesides.
"But what did you want to say to Herve de Lanrivain?" the court
asked; and she answered: "To ask him to take me away."
"Ah—you confess that you went down to him with adulterous
"Then why did you want him to take you away?"
"Because I was afraid for my life."
"Of whom were you afraid?"
"Of my husband."
"Why were you afraid of your husband?"
"Because he had strangled my little dog."
Another smile must have passed around the court-room: in days when
any nobleman had a right to hang his peasants—and most of them
exercised it—pinching a pet animal's wind-pipe was nothing to make a
At this point one of the Judges, who appears to have had a certain
sympathy for the accused, suggested that she should be allowed to
explain herself in her own way; and she thereupon made the following
The first years of her marriage had been lonely; but her husband
had not been unkind to her. If she had had a child she would not
have been unhappy; but the days were long, and it rained too much.
It was true that her husband, whenever he went away and left her,
brought her a handsome present on his return; but this did not make
up for the loneliness. At least nothing had, till he brought her the
little brown dog from the East: after that she was much less unhappy.
Her husband seemed pleased that she was so fond of the dog; he gave
her leave to put her jewelled bracelet around its neck, and to keep it
always with her.
One day she had fallen asleep in her room, with the dog at her
feet, as his habit was. Her feet were bare and resting on his back.
Suddenly she was waked by her husband: he stood beside her, smiling
"You look like my great-grandmother, Juliane de Cornault, lying in
the chapel with her feet on a little dog," he said.
The analogy sent a chill through her, but she laughed and
answered: "Well, when I am dead you must put me beside her, carved in
marble, with my dog at my feet."
"Oho—we'll wait and see," he said, laughing also, but with his
black brows close together. "The dog is the emblem of fidelity."
"And do you doubt my right to lie with mine at my feet?"
"When I'm in doubt I find out," he answered. "I am an old man,"
he added, "and people say I make you lead a lonely life. But I swear
you shall have your monument if you earn it."
"And I swear to be faithful," she returned, "if only for the sake
of having my little dog at my feet."
Not long afterward he went on business to the Quimper Assizes; and
while he was away his aunt, the widow of a great nobleman of the
duchy, came to spend a night at Kerfol on her way to the pardon of
Ste. Barbe. She was a woman of great piety and consequence, and much
respected by Yves de Cornault, and when she proposed to Anne to go
with her to Ste. Barbe no one could object, and even the chaplain
declared himself in favour of the pilgrimage. So Anne set out for
Ste. Barbe, and there for the first time she talked with Herve de
Lanrivain. He had come once or twice to Kerfol with his father, but
she had never before exchanged a dozen words with him. They did not
talk for more than five minutes now: it was under the chestnuts, as
the procession was coming out of the chapel. He said: "I pity you,"
and she was surprised, for she had not supposed that any one thought
her an object of pity. He added: "Call for me when you need me," and
she smiled a little, but was glad afterward, and thought often of the
She confessed to having seen him three times afterward: not more.
How or where she would not say—one had the impression that she
feared to implicate some one. Their meetings had been rare and
brief; and at the last he had told her that he was starting the next
day for a foreign country, on a mission which was not without peril
and might keep him for many months absent. He asked her for a
remembrance, and she had none to give him but the collar about the
little dog's neck. She was sorry afterward that she had given it, but
he was so unhappy at going that she had not had the courage to refuse.
Her husband was away at the time. When he returned a few days
later he picked up the little dog to pet it, and noticed that its
collar was missing. His wife told him that the dog had lost it in
the undergrowth of the park, and that she and her maids had hunted a
whole day for it. It was true, she explained to the court, that she
had made the maids search for the necklet—they all believed the dog
had lost it in the park. . .
Her husband made no comment, and that evening at supper he was in
his usual mood, between good and bad: you could never tell which. He
talked a good deal, describing what he had seen and done at Rennes;
but now and then he stopped and looked hard at her; and when she went
to bed she found her little dog strangled on her pillow. The little
thing was dead, but still warm; she stooped to lift it, and her
distress turned to horror when she discovered that it had been
strangled by twisting twice round its throat the necklet she had given
The next morning at dawn she buried the dog in the garden, and hid
the necklet in her breast. She said nothing to her husband, then or
later, and he said nothing to her; but that day he had a peasant
hanged for stealing a faggot in the park, and the next day he nearly
beat to death a young horse he was breaking.
Winter set in, and the short days passed, and the long nights, one
by one; and she heard nothing of Herve de Lanrivain. It might be that
her husband had killed him; or merely that he had been robbed of the
necklet. Day after day by the hearth among the spinning maids, night
after night alone on her bed, she wondered and trembled. Sometimes at
table her husband looked across at her and smiled; and then she felt
sure that Lanrivain was dead. She dared not try to get news of him,
for she was sure her husband would find out if she did: she had an
idea that he could find out anything. Even when a witch-woman who was
a noted seer, and could show you the whole world in her crystal, came
to the castle for a night's shelter, and the maids flocked to her,
Anne held back. The winter was long and black and rainy. One day,
in Yves de Cornault's absence, some gypsies came to Kerfol with a
troop of performing dogs. Anne bought the smallest and cleverest, a
white dog with a feathery coat and one blue and one brown eye. It
seemed to have been ill-treated by the gypsies, and clung to her
plaintively when she took it from them. That evening her husband came
back, and when she went to bed she found the dog strangled on her
After that she said to herself that she would never have another
dog; but one bitter cold evening a poor lean greyhound was found
whining at the castle-gate, and she took him in and forbade the maids
to speak of him to her husband. She hid him in a room that no one
went to, smuggled food to him from her own plate, made him a warm bed
to lie on and petted him like a child.
Yves de Cornault came home, and the next day she found the
greyhound strangled on her pillow. She wept in secret, but said
nothing, and resolved that even if she met a dog dying of hunger she
would never bring him into the castle; but one day she found a young
sheep-dog, a brindled puppy with good blue eyes, lying with a broken
leg in the snow of the park. Yves de Cornault was at Rennes, and she
brought the dog in, warmed and fed it, tied up its leg and hid it in
the castle till her husband's return. The day before, she gave it to
a peasant woman who lived a long way off, and paid her handsomely to
care for it and say nothing; but that night she heard a whining and
scratching at her door, and when she opened it the lame puppy,
drenched and shivering, jumped up on her with little sobbing barks.
She hid him in her bed, and the next morning was about to have him
taken back to the peasant woman when she heard her husband ride into
the court. She shut the dog in a chest and went down to receive him.
An hour or two later, when she returned to her room, the puppy lay
strangled on her pillow. . .
After that she dared not make a pet of any other dog; and her
loneliness became almost unendurable. Sometimes, when she crossed
the court of the castle, and thought no one was looking, she stopped
to pat the old pointer at the gate. But one day as she was caressing
him her husband came out of the chapel; and the next day the old dog
was gone. . .
This curious narrative was not told in one sitting of the court,
or received without impatience and incredulous comment. It was plain
that the Judges were surprised by its puerility, and that it did not
help the accused in the eyes of the public. It was an odd tale,
certainly; but what did it prove? That Yves de Cornault disliked
dogs, and that his wife, to gratify her own fancy, persistently
ignored this dislike. As for pleading this trivial disagreement as an
excuse for her relations—whatever their nature—with her supposed
accomplice, the argument was so absurd that her own lawyer manifestly
regretted having let her make use of it, and tried several times to
cut short her story. But she went on to the end, with a kind of
hypnotized insistence, as though the scenes she evoked were so real to
her that she had forgotten where she was and imagined herself to be
At length the Judge who had previously shown a certain kindness to
her said (leaning forward a little, one may suppose, from his row of
dozing colleagues): "Then you would have us believe that you murdered
your husband because he would not let you keep a pet dog?"
"I did not murder my husband."
"Who did, then? Herve de Lanrivain?"
"Who then? Can you tell us?"
"Yes, I can tell you. The dogs—" At that point she was carried
out of the court in a swoon.
. . . . . . . .
It was evident that her lawyer tried to get her to abandon this
line of defense. Possibly her explanation, whatever it was, had
seemed convincing when she poured it out to him in the heat of their
first private colloquy; but now that it was exposed to the cold
daylight of judicial scrutiny, and the banter of the town, he was
thoroughly ashamed of it, and would have sacrificed her without a
scruple to save his professional reputation. But the obstinate
Judge—who perhaps, after all, was more inquisitive than
kindly—evidently wanted to hear the story out, and she was ordered,
the next day, to continue her deposition.
She said that after the disappearance of the old watch-dog nothing
particular happened for a month or two. Her husband was much as
usual: she did not remember any special incident. But one evening a
pedlar woman came to the castle and was selling trinkets to the maids.
She had no heart for trinkets, but she stood looking on while the
women made their choice. And then, she did not know how, but the
pedlar coaxed her into buying for herself an odd pear-shaped pomander
with a strong scent in it— she had once seen something of the kind on
a gypsy woman. She had no desire for the pomander, and did not know
why she had bought it. The pedlar said that whoever wore it had the
power to read the future; but she did not really believe that, or care
much either. However, she bought the thing and took it up to her
room, where she sat turning it about in her hand. Then the strange
scent attracted her and she began to wonder what kind of spice was in
the box. She opened it and found a grey bean rolled in a strip of
paper; and on the paper she saw a sign she knew, and a message from
Herve de Lanrivain, saying that he was at home again and would be at
the door in the court that night after the moon had set. . .
She burned the paper and then sat down to think. It was
nightfall, and her husband was at home. . . She had no way of
warning Lanrivain, and there was nothing to do but to wait. . .
At this point I fancy the drowsy courtroom beginning to wake up.
Even to the oldest hand on the bench there must have been a certain
aesthetic relish in picturing the feelings of a woman on receiving
such a message at night-fall from a man living twenty miles away, to
whom she had no means of sending a warning. . .
She was not a clever woman, I imagine; and as the first result of
her cogitation she appears to have made the mistake of being, that
evening, too kind to her husband. She could not ply him with wine,
according to the traditional expedient, for though he drank heavily at
times he had a strong head; and when he drank beyond its strength it
was because he chose to, and not because a woman coaxed him. Not his
wife, at any rate—she was an old story by now. As I read the case, I
fancy there was no feeling for her left in him but the hatred
occasioned by his supposed dishonour.
At any rate, she tried to call up her old graces; but early in the
evening he complained of pains and fever, and left the hall to go up
to his room. His servant carried him a cup of hot wine, and brought
back word that he was sleeping and not to be disturbed; and an hour
later, when Anne lifted the tapestry and listened at his door, she
heard his loud regular breathing. She thought it might be a feint,
and stayed a long time barefooted in the cold passage, her ear to the
crack; but the breathing went on too steadily and naturally to be
other than that of a man in a sound sleep. She crept back to her room
reassured, and stood in the window watching the moon set through the
trees of the park. The sky was misty and starless, and after the moon
went down the night was pitch black. She knew the time had come, and
stole along the passage, past her husband's door—where she stopped
again to listen to his breathing—to the top of the stairs. There she
paused a moment, and assured herself that no one was following her;
then she began to go down the stairs in the darkness. They were so
steep and winding that she had to go very slowly, for fear of
stumbling. Her one thought was to get the door unbolted, tell
Lanrivain to make his escape, and hasten back to her room. She had
tried the bolt earlier in the evening, and managed to put a little
grease on it; but nevertheless, when she drew it, it gave a squeak . .
. not loud, but it made her heart stop; and the next minute, overhead,
she heard a noise. . .
"What noise?" the prosecution interposed.
"My husband's voice calling out my name and cursing me."
"What did you hear after that?"
"A terrible scream and a fall."
"Where was Herve de Lanrivain at this time?"
"He was standing outside in the court. I just made him out in the
darkness. I told him for God's sake to go, and then I pushed the door
"What did you do next?"
"I stood at the foot of the stairs and listened."
"What did you hear?"
"I heard dogs snarling and panting." (Visible discouragement of
the bench, boredom of the public, and exasperation of the lawyer for
the defense. Dogs again—! But the inquisitive Judge insisted.)
She bent her head and spoke so low that she had to be told to
repeat her answer: "I don't know."
"How do you mean—you don't know?"
"I don't know what dogs. . ."
The Judge again intervened: "Try to tell us exactly what happened.
How long did you remain at the foot of the stairs?"
"Only a few minutes."
"And what was going on meanwhile overhead?"
"The dogs kept on snarling and panting. Once or twice he cried
out. I think he moaned once. Then he was quiet."
"Then what happened?"
"Then I heard a sound like the noise of a pack when the wolf is
thrown to them—gulping and lapping."
(There was a groan of disgust and repulsion through the court, and
another attempted intervention by the distracted lawyer. But the
inquisitive Judge was still inquisitive.)
"And all the while you did not go up?"
"Yes—I went up then—to drive them off."
"When I got there it was quite dark. I found my husband's flint
and steel and struck a spark. I saw him lying there. He was dead."
"And the dogs?"
"The dogs were gone."
"I don't know. There was no way out—and there were no dogs at
She straightened herself to her full height, threw her arms above
her head, and fell down on the stone floor with a long scream. There
was a moment of confusion in the court-room. Some one on the bench
was heard to say: "This is clearly a case for the ecclesiastical
authorities"—and the prisoner's lawyer doubtless jumped at the
After this, the trial loses itself in a maze of cross-questioning
and squabbling. Every witness who was called corroborated Anne de
Cornault's statement that there were no dogs at Kerfol: had been none
for several months. The master of the house had taken a dislike to
dogs, there was no denying it. But, on the other hand, at the
inquest, there had been long and bitter discussion as to the nature of
the dead man's wounds. One of the surgeons called in had spoken of
marks that looked like bites. The suggestion of witchcraft was
revived, and the opposing lawyers hurled tomes of necromancy at each
At last Anne de Cornault was brought back into court—at the
instance of the same Judge—and asked if she knew where the dogs she
spoke of could have come from. On the body of her Redeemer she swore
that she did not. Then the Judge put his final question: "If the dogs
you think you heard had been known to you, do you think you would have
recognized them by their barking?"
"Did you recognize them?"
"What dogs do you take them to have been?"
"My dead dogs," she said in a whisper. . . She was taken out of
court, not to reappear there again. There was some kind of
ecclesiastical investigation, and the end of the business was that
the Judges disagreed with each other, and with the ecclesiastical
committee, and that Anne de Cornault was finally handed over to the
keeping of her husband's family, who shut her up in the keep of
Kerfol, where she is said to have died many years later, a harmless
So ends her story. As for that of Herve de Lanrivain, I had only
to apply to his collateral descendant for its subsequent details. The
evidence against the young man being insufficient, and his family
influence in the duchy considerable, he was set free, and left soon
afterward for Paris. He was probably in no mood for a worldly life,
and he appears to have come almost immediately under the influence of
the famous M. Arnauld d'Andilly and the gentlemen of Port Royal. A
year or two later he was received into their Order, and without
achieving any particular distinction he followed its good and evil
fortunes till his death some twenty years later. Lanrivain showed me
a portrait of him by a pupil of Philippe de Champaigne: sad eyes, an
impulsive mouth and a narrow brow. Poor Herve de Lanrivain: it was a
grey ending. Yet as I looked at his stiff and sallow effigy, in the
dark dress of the Jansenists, I almost found myself envying his fate.
After all, in the course of his life two great things had happened to
him: he had loved romantically, and he must have talked with Pascal. .