by Emerson Hough
THE STORY OF A HUMAN BEING in the YELLOWSTONE
Throng of Maws
Maw in War Paint
In the Grip of
Enough for Five
His Busy Day
When Bozeman Was
All Ready for
Times has changed, says Maw to herself, says she. Things ain't like
what they used to be. Time was when I worked from sunup to sundown, and
we didn't have no daylight-saving contraptions on the old clock,
neither. The girls was too little then, and I done all the work
myselfcooking, sweeping, washing and ironing, suchlike. I never got
to church Sundays because I had to stay home and get the Sunday dinner.
Like enough they'd bring the preacher home to dinner. You got to watch
chickenit won't cook itself. Weekdays was one like another, and
except for shoveling snow and carrying more coal I never knew when
summer quit and winter come. There was no movies them daysa theater
might come twice a winter, or sometimes a temperance lecturer that
showed a picture of the inside of a drunkard's stomach, all redlike and
awful. We didn't have much other entertainment. Of course we had church
sociables now and then, or a surprise party on someone. Either way, the
fun no more than paid for the extra cooking. I never seen nothing or
went nowhere, and if when I was down town after the groceries I'd 'a'
stepped into the drug store and bought me a lemonadeand they didn't
have no nut sundaes thenthey'd of had me up before the church for
Of course Paw kicks about the crops and prices, but I've been living
with Paw forty years, and I dunno as I can remember a time when he
didn't kick. He kicks now on the wages he pays these city boys that
come out to farm; says they're no good at all. But somehow or other,
things gets raised. I notice the last few years we somehow have had
more clothes and things, and more money in the bank. When Paw bought
the automobile he didn't ask the minister if it was right, and he
didn't have to ask the bank for a consent, neither. Cynthy's back from
college, and it's all paid for somehow. Jimmy's in a mail-order store
in Chicago. I've got a girl to help me that calls herself a maid, which
is all right enough, though we used to call Judge Harmsworth's help a
girl and let it go at that, law me! My other girls, Hattie and Roweny,
are big enough to help a lot, and Paw reasons with them considerable
about it. I've always been so used to work that I think I can do it
better myself. I always like to do for my children.
But Paw, ever since I married him, has been one of those energetics.
They call him an aggressive business man. Some of them call him a
dominant man, because of his whiskers, though he knows well enough
about how scared of him I am. Only time I ever was scared of Paw was
when he got the car. I thought he would break his fool neck and kill
Roweny, that had clim in with him. He did break down the fence in front
of the house and run over the flower beds and all.
The Park-Bound Throng of Maws
But this summer we allowed we all would get in the car and take a
big trip out Westgo right into some of the parks, if nothing
We borrowed our tent from the Hickory Bend Outing Club that Paw
belongs to back home. The poles go along the fenders and stick out a
good way behind. I could always cook without a stove, from experience
at picnics when I was younger. The dishes goes in a box. Paw nailed a
rack on top of the fenders, and we carry a lot of stuff that way.
Cynthy always has her suitcase on the outside because it's the newest
one. The other girls set on the bedding on the rear seat, and I ride in
front with Paw. We mostly wear overalls.
Yes, times has changed, says Maw.
As a dispassionate observer in one of our national parks, expressing
the belief in modern speech, I'll say they have. I have met Maw this
summer, ninety thousand of her, concentrated on a piece of mountain
scenery about fifty miles squareMaw on her first vacation in a life
of sixty years. Dear old Maw!
Ninety thousand replicas of Maw cause the rest of us to eat
copiously of alkaline dust and to shiver each time we approach a turn
on the roads of Yellowstone Park, which were laid out on a curling
iron. You cannot escape seeing Paw and Maw, and Cynthy in her pants,
and Hattie and Roweny in overalls and putties. I have seen their camp
fire rising on every remaining spot of grass on all that busy fifty
miles. I have photographed Maw and Cynthy and the other girls, and
Cynthy has photographed me because I looked funny. Bless them all, the
whole ninety thousand of themI would not have missed them on their
vacation this summer for all the world. They are, I suppose, what we
call the new people of America, who never have been out like this
before. They've been at home. Maw has been getting the Sunday dinner.
Paw has been plowing, paying the taxes which this Government has spent
for him. But now Paw pays income tax also; and both he and Maw construe
this fact to mean that they can at last read their title clear to a
rest, and a car, and a vacation. So they have swung out from the lane
at last, after forty years of work, and on to the roads that lead to
the transcontinental highway. They have crossed the prairies and come
up into the foothillsthe price of gas increasing day by day, and Paw
kicking but paying cashand so they have at last arrived among the
great mountains of which Maw has dreamed all her long life of cooking
and washing and ironing.
Studies in Mountain Pants
I shall not inquire by what miracle of grace Paw has learned to find
his way about on these curling-iron mountain roads. I am content to eat
a barrel of dust a day rather than miss the sight of Maw, placid and
bespectacled, on the front seat of the flivver. Without her the
mountain roads would never be the same for me, and my own vacation
would be spoiled. Frankly, I am in love with Maw; and as for Cynthy in
Times has changed. Maw also wears pants today. She says that they
are convenienter when she sits down round on the grass. Sometimes her
pants are fastened round the ankles with large and shiny safety pins,
apparently saved from the time when Jimmy was a baby. Sometimes they
hang straight down au naturel, and sometimes they stop at the
kneein which case, as Maw's au naturel is disposed to
adiposethey make a startling adjunct to the mountain scenery. But,
bless her heart, Maw doesn't care! She is on her way and on her
vacation, the first in all her life. There rest on her soul the content
and poise which her own square and self-respecting mind tells her are
due her after forty years of labor, including the Lord's Days thereof.
I call Maw's vacation her Lord's Day. It ought to be held a sacred
thing by all who tour our national parks, where Maw is gregariously
accumulated in these days. I used to own this park, you and I did. It's
Maw's park now. Forty years of hard work!
Has she earned a vacation? I'll say she has. Is she taking it? I'll
say she is.
Maw has company in the parknot always just the company she or I
would select, were it left to us. Some of these do not go out by motor
car. Of course Abe Klinghammer, of the Plasterers' Union, Local Number
Four, being rich, goes out by rail on a round trip. He can go to the
tents and log cottages of the Camps Company. He does not kick any more
than Maw kicks. To tell the truth, in spite of the front he throws, Abe
is a little bit scared at all this sudden splendor in his life. He is a
little uneasy about how to act, how to seem careless about it, as
though he had been used to it all his life. Abe takes it out in
neckties. Having bought a swell one of four colors and inserted a large
cameo in it, he loses his nerve and begins to doubt whether he is
getting by. You will always see Abe looking at your necktie.
And there is Benjamin D. O'Cleave of New Yorkwith a flourish under
it on the register. He and his wife take it out in diamonds. You would
never see one of the O'Cleave family at a roadside camp fire such as
that where Maw fries the trout and Rowena toasts the bread on a fork.
The original O'Cleave came over in the Mayflower, as I am
informedbut, without question in my mind, came steerage. You will
find Mr. O'Cleave in the swellest hotel, in the highest-priced room. He
is first in war, first in peace, and first in the dining room.
Mr. O'Cleave pays a plenty a head for all his family, for rooms with
bath and meals. The hotel company would gladly charge him more, and Mr.
O'Cleave gladly would pay more. He confides to the hotel clerkwho is
a Y. M. C. A. secretary back Eastthat he should not care if it was
even fifty dollars a day, he could pay it. But, if so, he would already
want for his money more service, which he waits five hours and not
enough cars to get him over to see the Giantess Geyser play, which the
Giantess maybe didn't play again for eight days, and should a business
man and taxpayer wait eight days because of not cars enough by a hotel,
which is the only place a man has to go with his family? Is it
Maw in War Paint
The highly specialized hotel clerk admits that it is not reasonable,
that nothing is reasonable, that he has spoken to the Giantess a dozen
times about her irregular habits; but what can he do? I would gladly
charge you one hundred dollars a day, Mr. O'Cleave, if I had the
consent of the Interior Department. It isn't my fault.
I wish I had a movie of the Y. M. C. A. hotel clerk when he is off
duty at the desk. I wonder if his faith upholds him when he recalls the
threat of Benjamin D. O'Cleave to go to Europe next year. Ah, well,
even if he does, Maw will remain.
I know that next year I shall again see Maw leaning against a big
pine, as she sits upon the ground drinking real handmade coffee of her
own from a tin cup with the handle cut so it will nest down in the box.
Maw's meals do not cost her four bits a throw, because they brought
things along. Paw catches a trout sometimes on the cane pole that hangs
alongside the car; not always, but sometimes, he catches one. And Maw,
once she had conquered the notion that you ought to skin a trout the
way you do a bullhead back in Ioway, took to cooking trout naturally;
and her trout, with pancakes and sirup, to my notion beat anything the
hotel chef in the best hotel can do. Maw does not worry about a room
with bath, though sometimes when the rain comes through the old wall
tent she gets both. The pink and green war paint which you sometimes
see beneath Maw's specs when you meet her on the road represents only
the mark of the bedquilts, where the colors were not too proud to run.
Maw finds it wonderful in these mountains. I know she does, because
she has never yet told me so. Maw throws no fits. But many a time I
have seen her sitting, in the late afternoon, her hands, in the first
idleness they have known in all her life, lying in her ample lap, her
faded eyes quietly gazing through her steel-bowed far-lookers at the
vast pictures across some valley she has found. It is her first valley
of dreams, her first valley of rest and peace and quiet. The lights on
these hills are such as she did not see in Ioway, or even in Nebraska,
when she went there once, time Mary's baby was born. The clouds are so
strange to Maw, their upturned edges so very white against the black
body of their over-color. And the rains that come, with hailbut here
you don't need worry, for there are no crops for the hail to spoil. And
sometimes in the afternoon, never during the splendor of the mellow
morning such as Maw never before has seen, comes the lightning and rips
the counterpane of clouds to let the sun shine through.
I know Maw loves it all, because she never has told me so. She is
very shy about her new world in this new day. She wouldn't like to talk
about it. We never do like to talk about it, once we really have looked
out across our valley of dreams.
You can't fail to like Hattie and Rowena and Cynthy. Often I walk
with Cynthy and her Vassarrority on the Angel Terrace, when the moon is
up, when it is all white, and Cynthy is almost the only angel left
there. Such a moon as the Interior Department does provide for the
summer here! I defy any Secretary of any other DepartmentWar, Navy,
Commerce, Labor or anythingto produce any such moon as this at six
dollars and fifty cents a day with bath; or four dollars and fifty
cents a day with two towels; or four bits a day at Maw's camp on the
Madison. So though I know Cynthy would prefer the young park
rangerwho really is the son of a leading banker in Indianapolisto
explain the algae and the Algys, I do the best I can at my age of life
Rowena, the younger, seventeen now, who wears hers with spirals,
tells me that Cynthy keeps a diary, because she herself found it in the
tool box. And once, says Rowena to me, Cynthy, after coming into
camp from a walk through the moonlit pines, wrote in her diary: 'August
12, 11 p. m. Trout for supper. Walked with toward the Hymen
Terrace, just beyond Jupiter Hill, I think it is called. The moon
wonderful what woman is there who has not at some time in her life
longed to be swept off her feet by some Strong Man!'
I copy this as Rowena did, punctuation and all. Rowena has not yet
gone to Vassar.
Cynthy is the one who thinks the family ought to have a six-cylinder
car next year, with seats that lie back, and air mattresses. Maw does
not agree with her, and says that four cylinders are plenty hard enough
for Paw to keep clean. By what marvel Cynthy is always so stunning; and
Hattie so nurselike in denim and white; and Rowena always so neat in
hers with spirals, which she bought ready made at the store for seven
dollars and fifty-two centsI cannot say; but when I see these marvels
I renew my faith in my country and its people, even though I do wish
that Paw would pause at some geyser and have a Sunday shave. He says he
forgot his razor and left it home.
In the Grip of the Law
Speaking of room with bath, Maw solved the ablutionary problem for
herself the other day at Old Faithful Ranger Station. The young men who
make up the ranger force there have built a simple shanty over the
river's brim, which they use as their own bathhouse. As there is no
sentinel stationed there Maw thought it was public like everything
else. She told me about it later.
I went in, said she, and seen what it was. There was a long tub
and a tin pail. There was a trapdoor in the floor that was right over
the river. I reached down and drew up a pail of water, and it was right
cold. Then I seen a turn faucet, end of a pipe that stuck out over the
tub. It brought in some right hot water that come up within six feet of
the door. It didn't take me long to figure that this was the hot-water
faucet. So there was hot and cold water both right on the spot, and I
reckon there ain't no such natural washtub as that in all Ioway. I got
me a wash that will last me a long while. There wasn't no towels, and
so I took my skirt. Now, Cynthy
But Cynthy was writing notes in her diary. All college girls write
notes in diaries, and sometimes they take to free verse. Of course
writing in a diary is only a form of egotism, precisely like writing on
a geyser formation. They both ought to be illegal, and one is. Maw
knows all about that. Sometimes, even now, she will tell me how she
came to be fined by the United States commissioner at Mammoth Hot
[Illustration: So Maw, dear, old, happy, innocent Maw, knelt down
with her hatpin and wrote:p. 19]
You see, the geysers rattled Maw, there being so many and she loving
them all so much. One day when they were camped near the Upper Basin,
Maw was looking down in the cone of Old Faithful, just after that
Paderewski of the park had ceased playing. She told me she wanted to
see where all the suds came from. But all at once she saw beneath her
feet a white, shiny expanse of something that looked like chalk. At a
sudden impulse she drew a hatpin from her hair and knelt down on the
geyser conenot reflecting how long and slow had been its growth.
For the first time a feeling of identity came to Maw. She never had
been anybody all her life, even to herself, before this moment on her
vacation. But now she had seen the mountains and the sky, and had
oriented herself as one of the owners of this park. So Maw, dear, old,
happy, innocent Maw, knelt down with her hatpin and wrote: Margaret D.
Hanaford, Glasgow, Iowa.
She was looking at her handiwork and allowing she could have done it
better, when she felt a touch on her shoulder, and looked up into the
stern young face, the narrow blond mustache, of the ranger from
Indianapolis. The ranger was in the Engineers of the A. E. F. When Maw
saw him she was frightened, she didn't know why.
Madam, said the ranger, are you Margaret D. Hanaford?
That's me, answered Maw; I don't deny it.
Did you write that on the formation?
Maw could not tell a lie any more than George Washington when
caught, so she confessed on the spot.
Then you are under arrest! Don't you know it's against the
regulations to deface any natural object in the park? I'll have to
telephone in the number of your car. You must see the commissioner
before you leave the park.
Me arrested? exclaimed Maw in sudden consternation. What'll that
man do to me?
He'll fine you ten dollars and costs. If you had written it a
little bit larger it would have been twenty-five dollars and costs. Now
get down and rub it out before it sets, and do it quick, before the
geyser plays again.
And so Maw got down on her knees and rubbed out her first feeling of
identity. And the commissioner fined her ten dollars and costs in due
timefor Maw was honest as the day and didn't try to evade the
punishment that she thought was hers.
I ought to have knew better, she said me, a woman of my years. I
don't begretch the money, and I think the young man was right, and so
was the judge, and I'll never do it again. The commissioner said that I
looked like a woman of sense. I always did have sense before. I think
it must be these mountains, or the moon, or something. I never felt
that way before.
It was this young man who walked down to Maw's camp to take her
number. It was there that he met Cynthy, and I am inclined to think
that she took his number at the time. Later on I often saw them walking
together, past the great log hotel with its jazz architecture, and
beyond the fringe of pine that separates the camp trippers from the
O'Cleaves, who live in the hotels. The young ranger was contrite about
arresting Maw, but that latter was the first to exonerate him.
You only done right, said she. I done what I knew was wrong. Now,
Hattie, and you, Roweny, don't you let this spoil your trip none at
all. It's once your Maw has allowed herself the privilege of being an
old fool, the first time in her life. I dunno but it was worth ten
dollars, at that.
And so I suppose we should let Cynthy and the young ranger go out
into the moonshine to learn how the algae grow, of how many different
colors. Consider the algae of the geysers, how they grow. Solomon in
all his glory had nothing on the algae; and the Queen of Sheba nothing
[Illustration: and The Queen of Sheba had nothing on Cynthy.p.
Sometimes, even yet, Maw and I talk about the time she was fined ten
dollars for writing her name. It might have been worse, said she to
me. When we was coming through some place a ways back we heard about a
man there that was sentenced to be hung after he had been tried several
times. His friends done what they could with the governor, but it
didn't come to nothing. So after a while his lawyer come in the jail,
and he says: 'Bill, I can't do nothing more for you. On next Monday
morning at six o'clock you've got to be hung by the neck until you're
dead, and may God have mercy on your soul.' 'Well, all I can say,' says
Bill, 'that's a fine way to begin the week, ain't it now?'
The time she wrote her name upon the geyser will always remain the
great event in Maw's life. When she makes down her bedquilt bed in the
pine woods, from which she can hear the music of the hotel orchestra
when the nocturnal dance has begun, and can see the searchlight playing
on the towering pillar of Old Faithful, once more in its twenty-four
daily essays from the bowels of the mysterious earth shooting up into
the mysterious blackness of the night sky, Maw on her hands and knees
says to herself: I'm glad my name ain't on that thing. It was too
little to go with that, even if for a minute I felt like somebody.
Speaking of the midnight and the music, sometimes I go over to the
hotel to tread a measure with Stella O'Cleave, able for a moment to
forget Stella's father in the opulent beauty of Stella herself. Her
mother is what is called a fine figure of a woman, and so will Stella
be some day. Sometimes, when we have left the dance floor to sit along
the rail where the yellow cars will line up next morning to sweep
Stella away within a day after she and her putties have come into my
young life, I may say that I find Stella O'Cleave not difficult to look
upon. I always feel a sense of Oriental luxury, as though I had bought
a new rug, when Stella turns on me the slumberous midnight of her eyes.
I am enamored of the piled black shadows of Stella's hair, even as
displayed in the somewhat extreme cootie garages which, in the
vernacular of the A. E. F., indicate the presence of her ears. I admire
the long sure lines which her evidently expensive New York tailor has
given to hers; they are among the best I have seen in the park. I could
wish that the heels on Stella's French shoes were less than five inches
high. I could wish that she did not wrap her putties, one from the
inside out, and the other from the outside in. But these are details.
The splendor of her eyes, the ripe redness of her lips, the softness of
her voice, combined, have disposed me to forgive her all.
There are times, sighed Stella that evening, beneath the moon, as
we sat against the log rail and listened to the jazz, out here in
these mountains, when I feel as though I were a wild creature, like
My dear, said I, I can believe you. Your putties do look wild.
Listen, said she to me. You do not get me.
The sob of the saxophone came through the window near by, the
froufrou of the dancers made a soft susurration faintly audible. I
looked into Stella's dark eyes, at her clouded brow.
Come again, loved one, said I to her.
What I mean to say, she resumed, is that there are times when I
feel as though I did not care what I did or what became of me out
My hand fell upon her slender fingers as they lay twitching in the
Stella, I exclaimed, lit-tel one, if that is the way you really
feelor the way really you feelor really the way you feelwhy don't
you go down to Jackson's Hole and try a congressional lunch?
Enough for Five More
The spruce trees rustled amid their umbrageous boughs. The sob of
the saxophone still came through the window. I saw Stella tremble
through all her tall young body. A tear fell upon the floor and
rebounded against one of the rustic posts.
No, No! said she in sudden contrition, burying her face in both
her shapely hands. Say anything but that! I did not mean me hasty
words. My uncle is a congressman, and he has told me all.
A silence fell between us. The sob of the saxophone, still doing
jazz, came through the window. Once more I recalled the classic
storyno doubt you know it well. A musician one evening passed a hat
among the dancers, after a number had been concluded.
Please, sir, said he to each, would you give fifty cents to bury
a saxophone player? Then out spoke one jovial guest, to the clink of
his accompanying coin: Here's three dollars, friend. Bury six
Absent-mindedly recalling this story I reached out my hand with a
five-dollar bill in it, as I saw a quiet-looking gentleman passing by
with a hat in his hand.
Bury ten saxophone players, I hissed through my set lips. He
turned to me mildly.
Excuse me sir, said he, I am not an undertaker. I am only the
Secretary of the Interior.
Of course one will make mistakes. Still, under our form of
government methinks the Secretary of the Interior really is responsible
for the existence of saxophone players within the limits of the park.
In common with Maw and others, I realized that in many ways the park
might be better. It might be far more practicably administered. This
morning I met a procession of fifty women, all in overalls, who all
looked precisely alike. Maw was at their head.
We're going over to the store to get a loaf of bread, said she,
and a picture of Old Faithful Geyser and a burnt-leather pillow. And
lookit here, mister, here is a book I bought for Roweny to read. I can
stand for most of it. But here it says that the geysers is run by hot
water, and when they freeze up in the winter the men that live in the
park cut the ice and use it for foot warmers, it's so hot. That might
be true, and then again it might not. If it ain't, why should they try
to fool the people?
I referred Maw to the superintendent of the park, with the
explanation that he has full control over all the natural objects, and
that if any geyser proves guilty of obnoxious conduct he is empowered
to eject it.
I dunno but what that would be the best way to do, said she. If
these places ain't fit to walk on, summer or winter neither one,
something ought to be done about it.
But lookit here, she went on, if you want to see people busy,
come down to our camp, some sundown. There ain't that many mosquitoes
in all Ioway, and they call this place a national playground. It ain't
no such place. And yet, when I go to the post office, store, or the
superintendent's office, or the head clerk's house, or the curio store
to get some mosquito dope to rub on myself, they ain't got no mosquito
dope; but for four dollars you can buy a lovely leather pillow with
'Mother' on it. What do I want with a leather pillow with 'Mother' on
it when mosquitoes are biting; or a picture of an Indian on one side of
a sheepskin; or bead bags; or moccasins that they say are made by the
Indians? What I want is mosquito dope and bread; something practical.
When you got a bite on your elbow you don't care a durn about a card
showing a picture of Artist Point, and I am as good a Presbyterian as
anybody. I say them stores ain't practical.
Quite often when I stroll down to interview Maw and her family at
their camp I am able to obtain free expression of opinion on current
matters. The other evening Paw was hammering at something which at
first looked like a piece of stone.
It breaks right easy, said he. I got this piece off the Angel
Cake Terrace. Having so many in the car I have to cut down the weight.
But what I and Maw want, he said, is a pair of them elk horns. If I
can get a good pair I allow to paint them red and black, with gold
round the lower ends. Maw and me think they'd look right good in the
Old Stanley's Story
They have visitors now and then, Paw and Maw, at their camp. The
local old-timers seem to gravitate toward them. One evening I found old
man Stanley sitting on a log and talking to them in reminiscent mood
about himself, his deeds and his dentition.
It looks to me like a fellow could work hard enough in three months
to last him the hull year, said old man Stanley. Just last week the
camp folks wanted me to go to work for them. I told them I wouldn't
work for nobody but the Gover'ment, and only three months in the year
at that. But they persuaded me to go to work for night watchman. I said
all right, only I had to go down to Gardiner and get my teeth fixed.
They asked me why I didn't go to Livingston. I told them some of my
friends down to Gardiner had been pulling my teeth for me for six or
eight years, them having a good pair of forceps. Of course they break
some, but take it one way with the other, them uppers of mine get along
right well. So I goes down to them friends last week, and had some more
teeth pulled. They mostly get nearly all the pieces out. I've got four
teeth left now, and that's enough for anybody. I sort of wish they'd
track a little better; but still, four teeth is enough for any
Maw spoke to me in an aside: I wisht I could believe everything I
see and hear, said she, sotto voce. Now, here, this man and
old Tom Newcomb, they both tell me that them and old John Yancey, which
is dead now, was here so long ago they saw the water turned into
Yellowstone River. Of course it may be true; but then again, sometimes
I doubt the things I hear.
The safest thing you could do is to doubt them geysers,
interrupted her husband, who overheard her. I was walking round on
them just the other day, right where signs said 'Dangerous.' It didn't
seem to me there was no danger at all, for nothing was happening. But
one of them rangers come up to me and asked if I didn't see the sign.
'That's all right, brother,' says I. 'I've tried this place and it's
all right.' And right then she went off.
And you should have seen Paw come down off from there, commented
his spouse. I didn't know he could run that fast, his time of life.
If they let me have my gun, said Paw, uncrossing one leg from the
other, I could mighty soon get me a pair of elk horns for myself. But
what can a fellow do when they tie his gun up, time he comes in the
You ain't maybe noticed that hole in the back end of our car,
explained Maw to me, pointing to an aperture in the curtain which
looked as though a cat had been thrown through it with claws extended.
Tell him about it Paw.
Well, I dunno as it's much to tell, said that gentleman, somewhat
crestfallen. This here old musket of mine is the hardest shooting gun
in our country. I've kilt me a goose with it many a time, at a hundred
yards. She's a Harper's Ferry musket that done good service in the
Civil War. She's been hanging in my room, loaded, for three or four
years, I reckon, and when I told the ranger man, coming in, that she
was loaded he says: 'You can't take no loaded gun through the park.
We'll have to shoot her off before you can go in the park.' So we took
old Suse round behind the house, and snaps six or eight caps on her,
but she didn't go off. Finally the ranger allowed that that gun was
perfectly safe, and they let me bring her on in, of course, having
wired up the working end.
I think old Suse must have got some sort of examples from these
geysers. I just throwed her in back of the car, on top of the bed
clothes, pointing back behind where the girls was setting. All at once,
several hours later, without no warning, she just erupted. There's
something eruptious in the air up here I guess.
And they do the funniest things, nodded Maw. I was saying I
thought this park wasn't practical, but some ways I believe it is. For
instance, they told me about how when they was making the new road from
the Lake Hotel over to the Canyon the engineer run the line in the
winter time, and it run right over on top a grave, where a man was
buried. There was a headstone there, but the snow was so deep the
engineer didn't see it. Come spring, the road crew graded the road
right through, grave and all. When the superintendent heard of that he
come down and complained about it.
'Now,' says he, 'you've gone built that expensive road right over
that feller, and we've got to take him up and move him.' There was an
Irish foreman that had run the road crew, and he reasons thoughtful for
a while, and then he says to the superintendent, says he: 'Why can't we
just move the headstone and leave him where he's at?' So they done
that, and everybody is perfectly contented, his widow and all. What I
don't see is why don't the yellow cars stop there and point out that
for a point of interest? But they don't. I believe I'll speak to the
superintendent about that.
As to the latter personage mentioned by my friends, one must search
far to find a more long-suffering man. As a boy the superintendent was
wild, and during a moment of unrestraint he slew his Sabbath-school
teacher while yet a youth. The judge, in sentencing him, said that
hanging would not be severe enough, so he condemned him to a life as
superintendent of a national parka sentence barely constitutional.
The park superintendent is a study in natural history. During the
open season on superintendents, some three months in duration, he does
not sleep at all. For one month after the first snowfall he digs a hole
beneath a rock, somewhere above timberline, and falls into a torpor,
using no food for thirty days. Then he goes to Washington to meet the
Director of Parks, after which he gets no more sleep until next fall.
It is this perpetual insomnia which gives a park superintendent his
haunted look. He knows he ought not to have killed his teacher, so he
suffers in silence.
When the superintendent comes down to his office in the morning Maw
is sitting on the front steps, sixty thousand of her. She has not got
that letter with the money in it yet; and it's such things as that
which keeps people away from the parks. And what has become of her dog?
He was right in the car last night and he never harmed nobody in his
life and wouldn't bite nobody's bears if left alone. And what can folks
do when it rains this way and the roads so slippy? And about that man
on the truck that sassed us the other day? And about the price of
gashow can folks afford it even if they only need two gallons to get
to the railroad? And if I couldn't make better soup than they serve at
the camps I'd resign from the church. And how far is it to Norris
Geyser Basin and why do they call it a basin and who was Mr. Norris and
do they name all the things after people and why not name something
after Congressman Smith or the editor of some Montana paper and what's
the reason people have to pay to ride in the parks anyways and why
can't we bottle Apollinaris Spring and would some salts help the Iron
Spring and what makes the pelican's mouth so funny that way and do they
eat fish and is there any swans on Swan Lake Flats and which way is the
garage and is there church on Sundays and who preaches and why don't
they have a Presbyterian and is that map up to date and are you a
married man and how many people does it take to run the park and how
much do the hotels make and why is the owner of the camps always in
such a hurry to get away when you want to talk with him and who is the
man who drives the sprinkler wagon with specs and can you get pictures
cheaper if you take say a dozen and why can't everybody sell pictures
and run hotelswe could take them right with our Kapoks anywaysand
is there a place where you can get some writing paper and an envelope
and do you write all your own letters yourself but of course how could
a stenographer stand the altitude? Why, I get out of breath sometimes.
His Busy Day
I think Maw, sixty thousand of her, does sometimes get out of
breath, but not often and not for long. The superintendent, contrite
because of his past, is patient when he replies.
Dear madam, he begins, the tips of his fingers together as he sits
back in his chair, your inquiry regarding this national park is noted,
and in reply I beg to state that I will answer all your questions after
I have told the rangers where to let the hotels cut wood and where to
run their milk herd and how to feed the hay crews and where to send the
road crews and where to have the gravel crews sleep and where to get
four more good trucks and two more garage men and a steno and a new man
on the files and look after the Appropriations Committee and write my
annual report to the Secretary of the Interior and my weekly report to
the Director of the Parks and my daily report for the records and my
personal correspondence and see where the automobile blanks all have
gone and get the daily total of visitors classified and find a new site
for a camp and lay out twelve miles of new road and have the garbage
moved and get the elk counted again and the antelope estimated and stop
the sale of elk teeth and investigate the reasons why the bears don't
come in and look at a sick lady at the Fountain and wire the Shriners
that I will meet them at the train and write Congressman Jones that his
trip is all arranged for and pick out a camp site for the director's
Chicago friends and make my daily drive of five hundred miles round the
park to see if they haven't carried off the mountains and tell the
United States commissioner to soak that party who wrote six names on
the Castle Geyser and get in oats for the road teams and take up the
topographic maps with the U. S. engineers and send some photos to
twelve magazines and arrange for the last movie man to photograph the
bears and see about some colored prints of Old Faithful and have the
bridal chambers of the hotel renovated for the party of New York
editors and get a new collar for my wife's dog, and explain why there
are so many mosquitoes this year even under a Republican
Administrationand a lot more things that are on the daily tickler
pad. Then I have to keep my personal books and write my longhand
letters until after midnight and read up some more of the geology of
the park and the times of intermission for the geysers and the
altitudes of all the peaks and learn the personal names of all the
geysers and woodchucks and
That man wasn't right polite to me, said Maw in commenting upon
some of this. He told me he was busy. I'd like to know what he's got
to do, just setting round.
Myself, I sometimes think the punishment of the superintendent is
almost too severe. He is obliged, for instance, to know everything in
the world that everyone else in the world does not know. He has
pictures and exact measurements of all the game animals in the park,
all the flowers, knows all the colors of the Grand Canyon and the
location of every sprinkling hose in fifty square miles. I have never
been able to ask him any questions that he cannot answerexcept
perhaps my favorite question: Why do they have this curio junk in all
the park storesmoccasins, leather Indian heads, and all that sort of
thing? He sobbed when I asked him that, but I thought I could hear
some muttered word about there being a popular demand. As for me, I
hold with Maw that, if a person is being bitten on the elbow, better a
bottle of marmalade, a loaf of bread or a bottle of mosquito dope than
a pair of beef-hide moccasins with puckered toes. In my belief a few
paintings by Mr. Thomas Moran at a cost of fifteen thousand or twenty
thousand dollars, or sets of the works of some of our more popular
authors, with flexible backs, would be far more appropriate in the
Maw is of the opinion that most of the merchants, storekeepers and
venders of commodities west of the Mississippi River are robbers. Not
that I mean real robbers like used to hold up the stagecoaches here in
the park, she explained. They don't do that no more since the cars
has comeI suppose because they go so fast that it ain't convenient
for robbers no more. But in the old times, they tell me, when they run
stagecoaches in here, and didn't have no railroad in on the west side,
there used to be a regular business of holding up the stagecoaches
right over where old man Dwelley used to have his eating house for
lunch. There's a clubhouse there now, instead of his old eating house,
they say. I heard that when they wanted to buy old man Dwelley out for
a club and asked him how much he wanted, he thought a while, and then
did some counting, and then allowed that about twelve thousand dollars
would be about right. The man that was buying the place, he set down
and writ a check right then for twelve thousand dollars. But old man
Dwelley didn't take it. 'I dunno what that thing is,' says he. 'When I
say twelve thousand dollars I mean twelve thousand dollars in real
When Bozeman Was Riled
They told him he had for to wait a few days and they went over to
Livingston and got twelve thousand dollars in five-dollar bills, and
brung it to Dwelley, and told him to count it. He counted a little of
it, and then said it was all right; he'd take their word for it that
there was twelve thousand dollars there. So then he put it in a sack
where he had some beaver hides. They told me he sent it all by express
to a fur buyer in Salt Lake after a while, and told him to put it in a
bank. He had one thousand five hundred dollars saved out, so they told
me, and he put that in the bank over to Bozeman. It riled them people
at Bozeman a good deal to think that anybody not from Bozeman should
have one thousand five hundred dollars inaccessible in their town. So
one day when old man Dwelley was there they fined him one thousand five
hundred dollars for killing a elk out of season, or something. That
made him mad. Still and all, he had his twelve thousand dollars left,
not mentioning what he got for his beaver hides.
One thing with another, continued Maw after a period of
rumination, you can't say but what this park is a fine place. Of
course there's always a wonder in my mind where they get all the hot
water for the geysers. It looks to me like a industrial waste. If the
geysers could be used for laundries, that would be something like.
Then, again, they're all the same color. If they'd throw in some bluing
now and then, or some red or green, they'd look prettierthat'd give
more variety, like. Yet they say these geysers has been running for
years and no let-up. Ain't it funny the things you see, away from home?
[Illustration: If the geysers could be used for laundries, that
would be something like.Mawp. 48]
I like to ride along these roads up in the mountains, and look down
at the rivers. You get way up above a river and it looks like a long
washboard, down below, here in the mountains. And I'll have to say the
roads is crooked. I say to Paw: 'We're all church members except
Cynthy, which went to college, and if we go we go.' And even if we
dowhy, we've all had a vacation, and I'll tell it to the world that a
vacation trip once in a lifetime is something no family ought to be
without, no matter what the preacher says about idleness. I'm strong
for vacations from this time on. Fact is, I believe Paw and me has got
to have them, though this is our first. And to think we was afraid to
buy ice cream once, except on the Fourth of July! Now, Paw goes right
up to one of them stands and buys five dollars of gasoline like it was
nothing. Times has changed, like I said. Lookit at our car now. I can
remember backnot so far, neitherwhen if I got a ride in a side-bar
buggy I thought I was a mighty lucky girl. And here we are, traveling
with every sort of comfort anybody could ask.
There were many appliances which Maw gradually had installed for
facilitating housekeeping in her day-to-day campsfolding beds, a
cracker-box pantry, a planed board for table, racks for groceries and
the like, all strung alongside the car, so numerous and extensive that
by the time the Hickory Bend Outing Club's great wall tent had been
added you barely could see the wheels underneath the moving mass. From
the midst of all projected the steering wheel, which Paw grasped as he
sat, with only the top of his hat visible to the naked eye. Maw rode
beside him somewhere. I never was able satisfactorily to determine
where Cynthy, Hattie and Rowena rode. Danny, the family dog, had his
seat outside on the fender, against the hood. I presume Danny's feet
got hot sometimes on the up grades, but Maw said he ought to be used to
it by now.
All Ready for Bud
On top of the load, with the stock projecting well forward, I quite
often was able to recognize old Suse, the ancient firearm of geyserlike
proclivities. Maw said she always felt more comfortable when there was
a gun round, because she never could get used to bears, no matter how
afraid they was of folks.
When we come out here we didn't know but what we could get a shot
on the quiet at a buffalo, Paw never having killed one in his life.
Plenty people believes the same till they get here. When we was at the
ranger station we seen one Arkansas car come in with six shooting
irons, and they all made a kick about having their guns locked up. Then
there was a deputy sheriff from Arizony, with woolly pants on, and he
made a holler about them locking up his six-shooter. 'This here may
cost me my life,' said he to the ranger. 'I dunno for sure that Bud
Cottrell is in this here park, but he might be; and if I should run
across him I serve notice on you right now I'm going to bust this
'My!' says the ranger to this Arizony man, 'you look to me like a
sort of ferocious person. Have you killed many people?'
That sort of quieted him down. 'Well, no,' says he, 'I ain't never
killed nobody, but I've saw it did, and if I ever meet Bud Cottrell I
shore am going to bust this seal.' I ain't ever heard whether he busted
it or not.
Funniest thing to me about this here park, commented Paw, is that
they call me a sagebrusher and the people at the hotels dudes. And the
girls in the hotel dining rooms they call savages, though some of them
wears specs, and most of them is school-teachers, with a few
stenographers throwed in. Why they should call them people savages is
what I can't understand. And what do they mean by dude wrangling,
I explained to Paw that this was a new industry recently sprung up
in the West, among those residents of adjacent states who take out
camping and hunting parties, or even such persons as desire to see
mountain scenery and the footprints of large game, formerly embedded in
the soil and now protected by log parapets.
So that's what it is, nodded Maw as I gave this information. I
suppose it's just part of the funny things that happens back here. Such
things as a person does see on a vacation! Don't it beat all? Now I
caught Hattie walking off towards the electric light last night with a
young man that had specs and leather leggins like the officers has, and
I declare if she didn't tell me he was a perfessor of geology down at
Salt Lake or Omaha. Once I give a quarter for a tip to a man that
brought me some gasoline, and I declare if I didn't find out he teaches
law in a university somewheres! Then, they tell me that the young man
who peels potatoes in the kitchen back of our camp has only one more
year to get through Princetonwhoever Princeton is. I wish he was
through now, because he sings things.
We're making quite a stay here in the parklonger than what we
allowed we would do, Paw and me. The girls seem to be having a sort of
good time here, one thing with another. You can't leave a girl alone
anywheres here, unless she's taken in by some perfessor or ranger or
guide or cook or chauffeur or something, who comes along and carries
her off to show her the bears or Old Faithful or Inspiration Point or
something. Seems to me like we've heard them words before, tooand
then there's Lovers' Leap and the Devil's Slide. We've even got them in
Ioway, where the hills is rough.
Set down on the log here, said Maw, and rest yourself, and I'll
build up the fire. Ain't it fine outdoors? I declare, I let out my
corsets four inches above and below, I breathe that much deeper here in
the mountains; and the air makes you feel so fine. What was I
saying?oh, about my knitting. You see at home, when I get my work
done, I knit or crochet or embroider. Mary's baby is a right cute
little thing, and I like to sew or knit things anyways. But Joseph said
to me: 'Now, Maw! Now you forget it; we're going to have a vacation
now, with no work at all for no one at all, and all strings off. We're
just going to have one mighty good time,' says Joseph to me. At first,
having nothing to do, I felt right strange, but I'm getting used to it
now, though I do think I could knit comfortable while setting watching
the geysers spout.
I dunno how we happened to come out so far as thiswe didn't allow
to spend over two hundred dollars, but I allow we've spent over five
hundred or six hundred dollars now. The funny thing is, Paw don't seem
to care. He always was aggressive. He just driv right on West till we
got here. He said his Paw traveled across all that country in a ox
team, and he allowed he could in a automobile. So we done it, and here
we are. I don't care if we don't get home till after harvest.
Many and many a talk I had with Maw, dear old Maw, some sixty
thousand of her, this past summer. The best of all vacations is to see
someone else having a vacation who never has had a vacation before in
his or her life. The delight of Maw in this new phase of her existence
has been my main delight for many a week in the months spent, not so
much in watching geysers as in watching Maw. Sometimes I steal away
from the pleadings of the saxophone, leaving even Stella O'Cleave with
the slumberous eyes sitting alone at the log rail of Old Faithful Inn.
I want to see Maw once more, and talk with her once again about the
virtues of a vacation now and again; at least once in a lifetime spent
in work for others.
I do not always find the girls at home in the camp. For some reason
they seem of late to be out later and later of evenings. Paw has found
a crony here and there about the camps, and swaps reminiscences of this
sort or that. Sometimes I find Maw alone, sitting on the log, gazing
into her little camp fire. Once, I recall, one of the girls was at
Roweny! called out Maw suddenly. Roweny, where are you? Come and
talk to the gentleman.
A voice replied from the other side of the car, where Rowena was
sitting on the running board. I discovered her, chin in hand, looking
out into the dark.
I was afraid some perfessor had got her, explained Maw to me.
Come on out, Roweny, and set by the fire. This gentleman seems sort of
nice, and he's old.
Rowena, seventeen years of age, uncrossed her long young limbs and
came out of the darkness, seating herself on the running board on our
side, where the firelight shone on her clean young features, her
splendid young figure of an American girl. She was comely enough in her
spiral putties and her tanned boots as she sat, her small round chin on
the hand whose arm was supported by a knee. Rowena appeared downcast.
While Maw was busy a moment later, I asked her why.
I think it must have been the mountain moon again; for Rowena,
seventeen years of age, once more looked gloomily out into the night.
If I thought I could ever find a man that would understand me I
believe I would marry him! said she, as has every young girl in her
Tut, tut! Rowena! I replied. I believe that I understand you,
simple as I am myself, and you need not marry me at all. I understand
you perfectly. You are just a fine young girl, out on almost your first
vacation, with your Maw. It is the moon, Rowena. It is youth, Rowena,
and the air of the hills. Believe me, it will all come right when the
cook has finished his Princeton; of that I am sure.
And Rowena, I added, you will grow up after a whileyou will
grow up to be a wholesome, useful American woman, precisely like your
Precisely? said Rowena, smiling.
But I saw how soft her eye was, after all, when I mentioned Mawher
Maw, who came out of another day; who has worked so hard she is
uncomfortable now without her knitting when Old Faithful plays.
Come, Rowena, said I, and held out my hand to her. Let us go.
Land sakes! exclaimed Maw, just then emerging into the firelight
of the sagebrush camp. I almost got a turn. One of them two bears,
Teddy and Eymogene, is always hanging round us begging for doughnuts,
and here it was standing on its hind legs and mooching its nose, and I
stepped right into it. I declare, I can't hardly get used to bears.
There ain't none in Ioway. But if Eymogene gets into my bed again
tonight I declare I'll bust her on the snoot, no matter what the park
regulations is. People has got to sleep. Not that you girls seem to be
troubled about sleeping. Where were you going?
She spoke as Rowena and I stood hand in hand, after so brief an
acquaintance as might not elsewhere have served us, except in these
I was going, said I, to take Rowena up past the camp and beyond
the hotel and the electric light to the curio store. I was going to get
something for Rowena to bring to youa sort of present from a nice old
man, you know.
As which? said Maw.
I was going with Rowena, Maw, said I, to get you a present.
And it shall be a leather pillow; and on it shall be the word
You see, the moon on the sage makes a strange light.
It may even enable you to see into the hearts of other people.