Beauty in the
Wood by Charles Perrault
Once upon a time there lived a king and queen who were grieved, more
grieved than words can tell, because they had no children. They tried
the waters of every country, made vows and pilgrimages, and did
everything that could be done, but without result. At last, however,
the queen found that her wishes were fulfilled, and in due course she
gave birth to a daughter.
A grand christening was held, and all the fairies that could be
found in the realm (they numbered seven in all) were invited to be
godmothers to the little princess. This was done so that by means of
the gifts which each in turn would bestow upon her (in accordance with
the fairy custom of those days) the princess might be endowed with
every imaginable perfection.
When the christening ceremony was over, all the company returned to
the king's palace, where a great banquet was held in honour of the
fairies. Places were laid for them in magnificent style, and before
each was placed a solid gold casket containing a spoon, fork, and knife
of fine gold, set with diamonds and rubies. But just as all were
sitting down to table an aged fairy was seen to enter, whom no one had
thought to invitethe reason being that for more than fifty years she
had never quitted the tower in which she lived, and people had supposed
her to be dead or bewitched.
By the king's orders a place was laid for her, but it was impossible
to give her a golden casket like the others, for only seven had been
made for the seven fairies. The old creature believed that she was
intentionally slighted, and muttered threats between her teeth.
She was overheard by one of the young fairies, who was seated near
by. The latter, guessing that some mischievous gift might be bestowed
upon the little princess, hid behind the tapestry as soon as the
company left the table. Her intention was to be the last to speak, and
so to have the power of counteracting, as far as possible, any evil
which the old fairy might do.
Presently the fairies began to bestow their gifts upon the princess.
The youngest ordained that she should be the most beautiful person in
the world; the next, that she should have the temper of an angel; the
third, that she should do everything with wonderful grace; the fourth,
that she should dance to perfection; the fifth, that she should sing
like a nightingale; and the sixth, that she should play every kind of
music with the utmost skill.
It was now the turn of the aged fairy. Shaking her head, in token of
spite rather than of infirmity, she declared that the princess should
prick her hand with a spindle, and die of it. A shudder ran through the
company at this terrible gift. All eyes were filled with tears.
But at this moment the young fairy stepped forth from behind the
'Take comfort, your Majesties,' she cried in a loud voice; 'your
daughter shall not die. My power, it is true, is not enough to undo all
that my aged kinswoman has decreed: the princess will indeed prick her
hand with a spindle. But instead of dying she shall merely fall into a
profound slumber that will last a hundred years. At the end of that
time a king's son shall come to awaken her.'
[Illustration: 'The king ... at once published an edict']
The king, in an attempt to avert the unhappy doom pronounced by the
old fairy, at once published an edict forbidding all persons, under
pain of death, to use a spinning-wheel or keep a spindle in the house.
At the end of fifteen or sixteen years the king and queen happened
one day to be away, on pleasure bent. The princess was running about
the castle, and going upstairs from room to room she came at length to
a garret at the top of a tower, where an old serving-woman sat alone
with her distaff, spinning. This good woman had never heard speak of
the king's proclamation forbidding the use of spinning-wheels.
'What are you doing, my good woman?' asked the princess.
'I am spinning, my pretty child,' replied the dame, not knowing who
'Oh, what fun!' rejoined the princess; 'how do you do it? Let me try
and see if I can do it equally well.'
Partly because she was too hasty, partly because she was a little
heedless, but also because the fairy decree had ordained it, no sooner
had she seized the spindle than she pricked her hand and fell down in a
In great alarm the good dame cried out for help. People came running
from every quarter to the princess. They threw water on her face,
chafed her with their hands, and rubbed her temples with the royal
essence of Hungary. But nothing would restore her.
Then the king, who had been brought upstairs by the commotion,
remembered the fairy prophecy. Feeling certain that what had happened
was inevitable, since the fairies had decreed it, he gave orders that
the princess should be placed in the finest apartment in the palace,
upon a bed embroidered in gold and silver.
You would have thought her an angel, so fair was she to behold. The
trance had not taken away the lovely colour of her complexion. Her
cheeks were delicately flushed, her lips like coral. Her eyes, indeed,
were closed, but her gentle breathing could be heard, and it was
therefore plain that she was not dead. The king commanded that she
should be left to sleep in peace until the hour of her awakening should
When the accident happened to the princess, the good fairy who had
saved her life by condemning her to sleep a hundred years was in the
kingdom of Mataquin, twelve thousand leagues away. She was instantly
warned of it, however, by a little dwarf who had a pair of seven-league
boots, which are boots that enable one to cover seven leagues at a
single step. The fairy set off at once, and within an hour her chariot
of fire, drawn by dragons, was seen approaching.
The king handed her down from her chariot, and she approved of all
that he had done. But being gifted with great powers of foresight, she
bethought herself that when the princess came to be awakened, she would
be much distressed to find herself all alone in the old castle. And
this is what she did.
[Illustration: 'A little dwarf who had a pair of seven-league
She touched with her wand everybody (except the king and queen) who
was in the castlegovernesses, maids of honour, ladies-in-waiting,
gentlemen, officers, stewards, cooks, scullions, errand boys, guards,
porters, pages, footmen. She touched likewise all the horses in the
stables, with their grooms, the big mastiffs in the courtyard, and
little Puff, the pet dog of the princess, who was lying on the bed
beside his mistress. The moment she had touched them they all fell
asleep, to awaken only at the same moment as their mistress. Thus they
would always be ready with their service whenever she should require
it. The very spits before the fire, loaded with partridges and
pheasants, subsided into slumber, and the fire as well. All was done in
a moment, for the fairies do not take long over their work.
Then the king and queen kissed their dear child, without waking her,
and left the castle. Proclamations were issued, forbidding any approach
to it, but these warnings were not needed, for within a quarter of an
hour there grew up all round the park so vast a quantity of trees big
and small, with interlacing brambles and thorns, that neither man nor
beast could penetrate them. The tops alone of the castle towers could
be seen, and these only from a distance. Thus did the fairy's magic
contrive that the princess, during all the time of her slumber, should
have nought whatever to fear from prying eyes.
At the end of a hundred years the throne had passed to another
family from that of the sleeping princess. One day the king's son
chanced to go a-hunting that way, and seeing in the distance some
towers in the midst of a large and dense forest, he asked what they
were. His attendants told him in reply the various stories which they
had heard. Some said there was an old castle haunted by ghosts, others
that all the witches of the neighbourhood held their revels there. The
favourite tale was that in the castle lived an ogre, who carried
thither all the children whom he could catch. There he devoured them at
his leisure, and since he was the only person who could force a passage
through the wood nobody had been able to pursue him.
[Illustration: 'The king's son chanced to go a-hunting']
While the prince was wondering what to believe, an old peasant took
up the tale.
'Your Highness,' said he, 'more than fifty years ago I heard my
father say that in this castle lies a princess, the most beautiful that
has ever been seen. It is her doom to sleep there for a hundred years,
and then to be awakened by a king's son, for whose coming she waits.'
This story fired the young prince. He jumped immediately to the
conclusion that it was for him to see so gay an adventure through, and
impelled alike by the wish for love and glory, he resolved to set about
it on the spot.
Hardly had he taken a step towards the wood when the tall trees, the
brambles and the thorns, separated of themselves and made a path for
him. He turned in the direction of the castle, and espied it at the end
of a long avenue. This avenue he entered, and was surprised to notice
that the trees closed up again as soon as he had passed, so that none
of his retinue were able to follow him. A young and gallant prince is
always brave, however; so he continued on his way, and presently
reached a large fore-court.
The sight that now met his gaze was enough to fill him with an icy
fear. The silence of the place was dreadful, and death seemed all about
him. The recumbent figures of men and animals had all the appearance of
being lifeless, until he perceived by the pimply noses and ruddy faces
of the porters that they merely slept. It was plain, too, from their
glasses, in which were still some dregs of wine, that they had fallen
asleep while drinking.
The prince made his way into a great courtyard, paved with marble,
and mounting the staircase entered the guardroom. Here the guards were
lined up on either side in two ranks, their muskets on their shoulders,
snoring their hardest. Through several apartments crowded with ladies
and gentlemen in waiting, some seated, some standing, but all asleep,
he pushed on, and so came at last to a chamber which was decked all
over with gold. There he encountered the most beautiful sight he had
ever seen. Reclining upon a bed, the curtains of which on every side
were drawn back, was a princess of seemingly some fifteen or sixteen
summers, whose radiant beauty had an almost unearthly lustre.
[Illustration: 'All asleep']
Trembling in his admiration he drew near and went on his knees
beside her. At the same moment, the hour of disenchantment having come,
the princess awoke, and bestowed upon him a look more tender than a
first glance might seem to warrant.
'Is it you, dear prince?' she said; 'you have been long in coming!'
Charmed by these words, and especially by the manner in which they
were said, the prince scarcely knew how to express his delight and
gratification. He declared that he loved her better than he loved
himself. His words were faltering, but they pleased the more for that.
The less there is of eloquence, the more there is of love.
Her embarrassment was less than his, and that is not to be wondered
at, since she had had time to think of what she would say to him. It
seems (although the story says nothing about it) that the good fairy
had beguiled her long slumber with pleasant dreams. To be brief, after
four hours of talking they had not succeeded in uttering one half of
the things they had to say to each other.
[Illustration: 'They all fell asleep']
Now the whole palace had awakened with the princess. Every one went
about his business, and since they were not all in love they presently
began to feel mortally hungry. The lady-in-waiting, who was suffering
like the rest, at length lost patience, and in a loud voice called out
to the princess that supper was served.
The princess was already fully dressed, and in most magnificent
style. As he helped her to rise, the prince refrained from telling her
that her clothes, with the straight collar which she wore, were like
those to which his grandmother had been accustomed. And in truth, they
in no way detracted from her beauty.
They passed into an apartment hung with mirrors, and were there
served with supper by the stewards of the household, while the fiddles
and oboes played some old musicand played it remarkably well,
considering they had not played at all for just upon a hundred years. A
little later, when supper was over, the chaplain married them in the
castle chapel, and in due course, attended by the courtiers in waiting,
they retired to rest.
They slept but little, however. The princess, indeed, had not much
need of sleep, and as soon as morning came the prince took his leave of
her. He returned to the city, and told his father, who was awaiting him
with some anxiety, that he had lost himself while hunting in the
forest, but had obtained some black bread and cheese from a
charcoal-burner, in whose hovel he had passed the night. His royal
father, being of an easy-going nature, believed the tale, but his
mother was not so easily hoodwinked. She noticed that he now went
hunting every day, and that he always had an excuse handy when he had
slept two or three nights from home. She felt certain, therefore, that
he had some love affair.
Two whole years passed since the marriage of the prince and
princess, and during that time they had two children. The first, a
daughter, was called 'Dawn,' while the second, a boy, was named 'Day,'
because he seemed even more beautiful than his sister.
Many a time the queen told her son that he ought to settle down in
life. She tried in this way to make him confide in her, but he did not
dare to trust her with his secret. Despite the affection which he bore
her, he was afraid of his mother, for she came of a race of ogres, and
the king had only married her for her wealth.
It was whispered at the Court that she had ogrish instincts, and
that when little children were near her she had the greatest difficulty
in the world to keep herself from pouncing on them.
No wonder the prince was reluctant to say a word.
But at the end of two years the king died, and the prince found
himself on the throne. He then made public announcement of his
marriage, and went in state to fetch his royal consort from her castle.
With her two children beside her she made a triumphal entry into the
capital of her husband's realm.
Some time afterwards the king declared war on his neighbour, the
Emperor Cantalabutte. He appointed the queen-mother as regent in his
absence, and entrusted his wife and children to her care.
[Illustration: THE MOST BEAUTIFUL SIGHT HE HAD EVER SEEN.]
He expected to be away at the war for the whole of the summer, and
as soon as he was gone the queen-mother sent her daughter-in-law and
the two children to a country mansion in the forest. This she did that
she might be able the more easily to gratify her horrible longings. A
few days later she went there herself, and in the evening summoned the
'For my dinner to-morrow,' she told him, 'I will eat little Dawn.'
'Oh, Madam!' exclaimed the steward.
'That is my will,' said the queen; and she spoke in the tones of an
ogre who longs for raw meat.
'You will serve her with piquant sauce,' she added.
The poor man, seeing plainly that it was useless to trifle with an
ogress, took his big knife and went up to little Dawn's chamber. She
was at that time four years old, and when she came running with a smile
to greet him, flinging her arms round his neck and coaxing him to give
her some sweets, he burst into tears, and let the knife fall from his
Presently he went down to the yard behind the house, and slaughtered
a young lamb. For this he made so delicious a sauce that his mistress
declared she had never eaten anything so good.
At the same time the steward carried little Dawn to his wife, and
bade the latter hide her in the quarters which they had below the yard.
Eight days later the wicked queen summoned her steward again.
'For my supper,' she announced, 'I will eat little Day.'
The steward made no answer, being determined to trick her as he had
done previously. He went in search of little Day, whom he found with a
tiny foil in his hand, making brave passesthough he was but three
years oldat a big monkey. He carried him off to his wife, who stowed
him away in hiding with little Dawn. To the ogress the steward served
up, in place of Day, a young kid so tender that she found it
So far, so good. But there came an evening when this evil queen
again addressed the steward.
'I have a mind,' she said, 'to eat the queen with the same sauce as
you served with her children.'
This time the poor steward despaired of being able to practise
another deception. The young queen was twenty years old, without
counting the hundred years she had been asleep. Her skin, though white
and beautiful, had become a little tough, and what animal could he
possibly find that would correspond to her? He made up his mind that if
he would save his own life he must kill the queen, and went upstairs to
her apartment determined to do the deed once and for all. Goading
himself into a rage he drew his knife and entered the young queen's
chamber, but a reluctance to give her no moment of grace made him
repeat respectfully the command which he had received from the
'Do it! do it!' she cried, baring her neck to him; 'carry out the
order you have been given! Then once more I shall see my children, my
poor children that I loved so much!'
Nothing had been said to her when the children were stolen away, and
she believed them to be dead.
The poor steward was overcome by compassion. 'No, no, Madam,' he
declared; 'you shall not die, but you shall certainly see your children
again. That will be in my quarters, where I have hidden them. I shall
make the queen eat a young hind in place of you, and thus trick her
Without more ado he led her to his quarters, and leaving her there
to embrace and weep over her children, proceeded to cook a hind with
such art that the queen-mother ate it for her supper with as much
appetite as if it had indeed been the young queen.
The queen-mother felt well satisfied with her cruel deeds, and
planned to tell the king, on his return, that savage wolves had
devoured his consort and his children. It was her habit, however, to
prowl often about the courts and alleys of the mansion, in the hope of
scenting raw meat, and one evening she heard the little boy Day crying
in a basement cellar. The child was weeping because his mother had
threatened to whip him for some naughtiness, and she heard at the same
time the voice of Dawn begging forgiveness for her brother.
The ogress recognised the voices of the queen and her children, and
was enraged to find she had been tricked. The next morning, in tones so
affrighting that all trembled, she ordered a huge vat to be brought
into the middle of the courtyard. This she filled with vipers and
toads, with snakes and serpents of every kind, intending to cast into
it the queen and her children, and the steward with his wife and
serving-girl. By her command these were brought forward, with their
hands tied behind their backs.
There they were, and her minions were making ready to cast them into
the vat, when into the courtyard rode the king! Nobody had expected him
so soon, but he had travelled post-haste. Filled with amazement, he
demanded to know what this horrible spectacle meant. None dared tell
him, and at that moment the ogress, enraged at what confronted her,
threw herself head foremost into the vat, and was devoured on the
instant by the hideous creatures she had placed in it.
The king could not but be sorry, for after all she was his mother;
but it was not long before he found ample consolation in his beautiful
wife and children.
[Illustration: ALL THAT REMAINED FOR THE YOUNGEST WAS THE CAT.]